Integration demands that "additional arrangements will be made to accommodate" pupils with disabilities "within a system of schooling that remains largely unchanged"; inclusive education, on the other hand, aims to restructure schools in order to respond to the learning needs of all children (Ainscow, 1995: 1). Special Education is “specially” designed instruction to meet the unique needs and abilities of exceptional students. First school of Special Education The American asylum for the education and instruction of the deaf and dumb. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education, Educational Administration and Leadership, Philosophical Basis for Inclusive Practice, Philosophical and Social Justice or Human Rights Foundations, Policy and Legislative Basis for Inclusive Practice, Research and Evidence Basis for Inclusive Practice, https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.013.1197. Jan 1, 1817. Worksheets are the primary tool of teaching, and not one adult in his life has a vision for his future other than institutionalism. Every child has a right to inclusive education, including children with disabilities. In 1955, members of Lodge No.761 of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks organized the Elks Cerebral Palsy Project Incorporated and the First Parent Teacher Work Conference in Special Education was held at the SDB. The approach is commonly referred to as the “Special Education Process”. The following year (1927), the Welfareville Children’s Village in Mandaluyong, Rizal was established. In the same year, DEC issued Circular No.11 s 1962 that specified the “Qualifications of Special Education Teachers”. In 1974, the First National Conference on the Rehabilitation of the Disabled was held at the Social Security Building in Quezon City. Extracurricular activities, peer support, or more specialized interventions involve the entire school community working as a team. Historically, people with disabilities were often placed in hospitals, asylums, or other institutions that provided little, if any, education. The aim with the article is At the school level, teachers must be trained, buildings must be refurbished and students must receive accessible learning materials. 5 “Reclassification of Regular Teacher and Principal Items to Special Education Teacher and Special Schools Principal Item” was issued. 9442 Article XIV, Sections 1 and 2 of the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines Republic Act No. In 1945, the National Orthopedic Hospital opened its School for Crippled Children (NOHSCC) for young patients who had to be hospitalized for long periods of time. Based on the book of Teresita G. Inciong, Yolanda S. Quijano, Yolanda T. Capulong, Julieta A. Gregorio, and Adelaida C. Jines entitled Introduction To Special Education, it was during the year of 1902 and under the American regime that the Filipino children with disabilities were given the chance to be educated. Children segregated into homogenous groups 3. Mr. Barrows worked for the establishment of the Insular School for the Deaf and Blind in Manila and Miss Rice was the administrator and at the same time the teacher of that school. In 1979, the Bureau of Elementary Education Special Education Unit conducted a two-year nationwide survey of unidentified exceptional children who were in school. Special Education Division Philippines Memorandum: Special education refers to the education of persons who are GIFTED OR TALENTED and those who have PHYSICAL, MENTAL, SOCIAL OR SENSORY IMPAIRMENT AND CULTURAL DIFFERENCES so as to require modifications of the school curricula, programs and special services and physical facilities to develop them to their maximum … In 1950, PAD opened a school for children with hearing impairment. For example, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights included statements about rights and freedoms that have, over the decades, been used to promote inclusive educational practices. Special Education is “specially” designed instruction to meet the unique needsand abilities of exceptional students. However, the country’s special education program formally started on 1907. Inclusive education allows students of all backgrounds to learn and grow side by side, to the benefit of all. 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