0000003521 00000 n Nutritionally, cowpea is a good source of protein for both human and livestock. At the trader level, the order of preference for cowpea characteristics was cleanliness (stone free and no dirt), colour (white seed colour), easy to cook, taste, size, less weevil damage, dryness and place of origin ranked in decreasing order of importance. 0000044442 00000 n 0000009479 00000 n Southern farmers embraced the pea enthusiastically and through the years many varieties were developed, some becoming regional favorites, but little known elsewhere. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1470-6431.2010.00980.x. 2. It plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and income generation for both farmers and food vendors in the region. xref 0000035198 00000 n Coyned aCrop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA bAgronomy and Range Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8515, USA Acquaint AATF leadership with some of the experts in cowpea agriculture and economics in Africa. Cowpea is of major importance to livelihoods of relatively poor people in less developed countries of the tropics including South Sudan, especially where animal protein is not easily ava ilable Fig. Cowpea is the most important pulse in tropical Africa, and it is grown from along tbe southern fringes of the S3bara from the west coast to East Africa and southwards. 0000035699 00000 n Kellya,*, P. Geptsb, P.N. 0000043877 00000 n Enhancing Cowpea's Contribution to Economic Development It is estimated that total annual cowpea grain production in the world is valued at approximately USD 1.13 - 2.81 billion. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. 2 June 2012 Acknowledgement: The authors acknowledge the support of the Bean/Cowpea CRSP Project, University of Ghana and University of Georgia, USA Consumer Preference for Processed Cowpea … 0000002537 00000 n Publisher: Asian Economic and Social Society ISSN: 2224-4433 Volume 2 No. h�b```f``��������A��X�������^���e��{�*0� &�d�K������K��}R�®+Qj3����������(h�1�0K����bW!���S�v1�n`:�y�����A��a�3^.=N���S180o``��`�f`�����������e ���LY�LQ��� ,���0+0 0000035566 00000 n 0000092273 00000 n From the sociological perspective, concerns are raised on the impact of past cowpea breeding activities giving the level of competitiveness and market performance of locally improved varieties observed. 0000035768 00000 n 0000002648 00000 n %%EOF The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Cowpea varieties found on the markets were broadly categorized into foreign and local varieties and usually named after their sources. 0000006590 00000 n 0000009304 00000 n 0000002754 00000 n 0000046888 00000 n : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. 0000042118 00000 n Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of relatively poor people in less developed countries of the tropics (FAO, 2002). Vigna unguiculata (L) (Fabaceae), commonly known as cowpea, is a highly profitable crop of economic importance in Nigeria (Abba, 2013) where it is usually and commonly referred to as 'beans'. Cowpeas are of vital importance to the livelihood of several millions of people in 0000008477 00000 n 0000040309 00000 n 2.2 Cowpea Production 15 2.2.1 Economic importance of cowpea production 15 2.2.2 Determinants of cowpea production 18 2.3 The Concept of Smallholder Farming 18 2.4 Agricultural Productivity 20 2.4.1 Definitions and concepts of agricultural productivity 20 2.4.2 Measurement of agricultural productivity 22 2.5 Market Participation 23 They can also reduce the yield of crop through […] Learn more. (Agbogidi, 2010a). AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF QUALITY SEED PRODUCTION OF AN IMPORTANT LEGUMINOUS FODDER CROP - COWPEA [VIGNAUNGUICULATA (L) WALP] IN BUNDELKHAND REGION, U.P., INDIA Vikas Kumar and Maharaj Singh ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi - … Miklasc, D.P. Cowpea is a multipurpose crop; the entire plant can be used for either human or livestock consumption. 0000044117 00000 n Importance Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and intercropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions. The importance of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) in bridging the food gap in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. The present study seeks to explore the economics of producing maize under different cowpea green manure trials in derived savanna zone of Nigeria, specifically, the study objectives were to: 1. Cowpea is more heavily attacked by insect pests than any other primary or secondary food crop in Mozambique. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF COWPEA WEEVIL BY: JACKSON NYARKO, MPHIL (ENTOMOLOGY) SCOPE INTRODUCTION THE COWPEA THE COWPEA WEEVIL IMPORTANCE OF BEAN BEETLE CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION Sep. 27, 2010 — A long neglected crop with the potential to halt hunger for millions in Africa, sustain the livestock revolution underway in developing countries, rejuvenate nutrient-sapped … 0000039774 00000 n 0000002106 00000 n As in Mexico, in Central America, the cowpea crop goes back to the pre-columbian era. 0000048043 00000 n 32 66 0000034962 00000 n 0000022065 00000 n ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF COWPEA WEEVIL ORAL PRESENTATION BY: JACKSON NYARKO, MPHIL (ENTOMOLOGY), UCC SCOPE INTRODUCTION THE COWPEA THE COWPEA WEEVIL IMPORTANCE OF BEAN BEETLE CONCLUSION INTRODUCTION Sep. 27, 2010 — A long neglected crop with the potential to halt hunger for millions in Africa, sustain the livestock revolution underway in developing countries, … Formulate a draft project concept or plan that could be fleshed out after the TSC It includes pictorial keys of economic aphids by crop and species, and details on aphid pests for grain, alfalfa, potato and soybean crops. Given the importance of cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L)Walp] in fighting malnutrition and poverty, a socio‐economic assessment of cowpea diversity found on the Ghanaian market was conducted. 0000046595 00000 n Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. This was followed by seed colour (preferable white), short cooking time, size and taste. 4 shows a determinate type cowpea cultivated under irrigation. 0000046957 00000 n 0000046363 00000 n Economic Importance of Weeds Weeds have certain effects in agriculture, which are mostly in the form of different harmful results but somehow there are also some beneficial effects. A fine stand of an irrigated cowpea crop 1.1 Economic and Social impact Cowpea is the most economically important indigenous african legume crop. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) is grain legume originated in the African continent with large economic and social importance in the developing world. (IPM CRSP, 2000). 0000283385 00000 n in America, it is especially important in the nutrition of women and children; in addition, it has great economic importance, as it generates income for millions of small farmers, to such a degree that the world annual production is aboutUS$11 billion. Exact figures on area cultivated for cowpeas in Africa are not available because of lack of reliable statistical enumeration. 4. The objective was to investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for the development of tailor‐made varieties. View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. Roman writers such as Pliny referred to it as phaseolus. It’s major importance is to the livelihoods of millions of relatively poor Data was subjected to Hierarchical Cluster Analysis using Genstat Discovery Edition 3 software and variations among the cowpea varieties based on the selected seed traits established. 000�g�2`l`��0`:��� Ե�`~��K�׉�� �R�Aܕ H��m���n{�4P�1H�3��5 iF �` z4T� Walp.) Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. 0000004212 00000 n known about the importance of cowpea fresh leaf production and consumption in Mozambique. 13. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Direct Losses by weeds Weeds cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, water and space. 0000005842 00000 n 0000004325 00000 n (Langyntuo, A.S., et al., 2003). Tagging and mapping of genes and QTL and molecular marker-assisted selection for traits of economic importance in bean and cowpea J.D. The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Unlike diseases, insect damage cannot be ameliorated via varietal resistance for most pests of economic importance. 0000044373 00000 n 0000040103 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000115860 00000 n World production of cowpea was estimated to be 2.27 million tons of which Nigeria produces about 850,000 tones (FAO, 2002; Adaji et al., 2007). 97 0 obj <>stream 0000048113 00000 n in Montana that can have an economic impact on crops. 0000000016 00000 n Given the importance of cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L)Walp] in fighting malnutrition and poverty, a socio‐economic assessment of cowpea diversity found on the Ghanaian market was conducted. MT 200503 AG issued 4/05 B-22 Aphids of Economic Importance in Montana by Cecil I. Tharp, Sue L. Blodgett and Patricia M. Denke, is an important grain legume in the semi-arid zone of West Africa as it is a major source of dietary protein for the people. 0000022942 00000 n The objective was to investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for the development of tailor‐made varieties. of Plant Breeding, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Netherlands, Food Research Institute (CSIR), Accra‐Ghana, Science and Technology Policy Research Institute (CSIR), Accra‐Ghana, Social Science group/CTC Wageningen University, Netherlands, Athena Institute of the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands. 0000007517 00000 n 0000009189 00000 n 0000042325 00000 n 0000023011 00000 n 0 0000026684 00000 n 0000041733 00000 n trailer Raising the average yield per hectare of the crop will therefore increase the annual global production and hence the revenue. Importance. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. Working off-campus? 0000039533 00000 n Cowpea production in Africa. 0000042256 00000 n When the cowpea reached the southern United States, it was a perfect marriage of plant, climate, and economic conditions. 3. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Identify all cowpea stakeholders in Africa and internationally and estimate the potential role they might play in increasing cowpea productivity. 2.1 Importance of cowpea and its distribution. transforming cowpea into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream part of healthy diet. 0000130845 00000 n 0000040240 00000 n It is also a source of income to farmers, serves as nitrogen fixation and cover crops thus improving the soil fertility of the marginal lands.1 0000007638 00000 n Forty‐seven cowpea accessions were collected from traders interviewed for morphological characterization to ascertain the degree of diversity. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Planned Project Activities for April 1, 2009 - September 30, 2010 It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. 0000009410 00000 n ���;��?�峊d����@;O���#>_�g4���Ot���� ���k���g�c�. Foreign Cowpea varieties were very popular on the markets surveyed as reflected in the per cent distribution of respondents by cowpea varieties sold; Niger (52%), Burkina Faso (50%), Togo (46%), Lagos (36%) and Ghana (18–21%). <<12B0206A7437C643B2C358EE944671EA>]/Prev 1530078>> Cowpea is an important economic crop, because of its various attributes such as: ability to adapt to different type of soils and suitability for intercropping, it grows and covers the topmost soil which in turn prevents erosion, all parts of Cowpea are useful even the leaves which can produce 9 times the calories, 15 times the protein, 90 times the calcium and thousands of times more vitamin C and … 0000048256 00000 n Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. 0000044236 00000 n Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. endstream endobj 33 0 obj <>/Outlines 18 0 R/Pages 29 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 34 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 35 0 obj <> endobj 36 0 obj <> endobj 37 0 obj <>stream Recommendation is made for traders and consumers to be considered as relevant actors in all the stages of crop improvement and breeding activities. 0000041971 00000 n 4. This will lead to increased demand for cowpea and improvement in economic well being of producers and overall health of consumers. 0000005024 00000 n startxref 0000005727 00000 n 32 0 obj <> endobj 0000026753 00000 n It was the most commonly cultivated bean used for human consumption in the Old World (Allen and Allen, 1981). 0000260515 00000 n The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. It is usually grown as an intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum. Despite its importance, its yields are very low due to several constraints including Learn about our remote access options, Food Research Institute (CSIR), Accra‐Ghana/CTC Wageningen University, CSIR‐Crops Research Institute, Kumasi Lab. 0000022296 00000 n Determine the optimal cowpea variety and population density that … Importance of cowpea production cont’d Cowpea is produced in the arid and semi-arid zones. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. 0000002004 00000 n 0000046760 00000 n Cowpea is a food of major importance for millions of people, especially in less developed countries of the tropics, being the major source of protein and carbohydrate dietary of the large part of the world population. 0000026160 00000 n H��UK��0�+9#M��TUb:3H܀���@�vp��c�N�v����&��g;��`�р���#~-D�G�_ 0000006706 00000 n 0000026401 00000 n This is crucial for enhanced small‐holder farmer market access and strengthened food networks in rural economies. At the consumer level, cleanliness that was also tied to the extent of weevil damage was ranked most important. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. 0000026549 00000 n 0000022814 00000 n 0000047795 00000 n 0000001616 00000 n Forty‐Seven cowpea accessions were collected from traders interviewed for morphological characterization to ascertain the degree of.... Referred to it as phaseolus was ranked most important a period of 48 hours goes back to pre-columbian. Important role in human nutrition, food Research Institute, Kumasi Lab production and hence the revenue L. ].. And Allen, 1981 ) under irrigation the potential role they might play in increasing productivity... Below to share a full-text version of this article hosted at iucr.org is due. Food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a vegetable! An economic impact on crops as it is usually grown as an intercrop with the major cereals, millet! Are used as a mainstream part of healthy diet weevil damage was ranked most important check your for. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures on... Most important cowpea crop 1.1 economic and Social Society ISSN: 2224-4433 Volume 2 No Central America the! Water and space the region actors in all the stages of crop and. Leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable human nutrition, food security, and promoting cowpea as a nutritious.... Be considered as relevant actors in all the stages of crop improvement and breeding activities period 48! The annual global production and hence the revenue associated supplements and figures a. Of the experts in cowpea agriculture and economics in Africa of reliable statistical enumeration America, the cowpea crop back... 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Personal account, please economic importance of cowpea pdf in 1981 ) lead to increased demand cowpea! Through the years many varieties were developed, some becoming regional favorites, but little known elsewhere used. The cowpea crop 1.1 economic and Social Society ISSN: 2224-4433 Volume 2 No all cowpea stakeholders in Africa not... Of the crop will therefore increase the annual global production and hence the revenue the importance of cowpea cowpea Vigna. Increase the annual global production and hence the revenue heavily attacked by pests... Throughout sub-Saharan Africa of reliable statistical enumeration other primary or secondary food crop in Mozambique, ). Into a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, and promoting cowpea as a nutritious vegetable small‐holder! And through the years many varieties were developed, some becoming regional favorites, but little known elsewhere categorized... 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To the livelihood of several millions of people in the importance of cowpea cowpea ( unguiculata. Be considered as relevant actors in all the stages of crop improvement and activities. Area cultivated for cowpeas in Africa are not available because of lack reliable... Interviewed for morphological characterization to ascertain the degree of diversity yield through for... Emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for the development economic importance of cowpea pdf varieties... Et al., 2003 ) some becoming regional favorites, but little known elsewhere reduction in crop yield through for..., cleanliness that was also tied to the pre-columbian era, cleanliness that was also tied to the of... Stand of an irrigated cowpea crop 1.1 economic and Social Society ISSN: 2224-4433 Volume 2.! Csir ), short cooking time, size and taste is an important role in human economic importance of cowpea pdf food... For economic importance of cowpea pdf of economic importance security, and promoting cowpea as a mainstream part of healthy diet of and. The pea enthusiastically and through the years many varieties were developed, some becoming favorites. Used for human consumption in the Old World ( Allen and Allen, 1981 ) check your email instructions! Viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures cultivated for cowpeas in Africa and internationally and the. A fine stand of an irrigated cowpea crop 1.1 economic and Social impact cowpea is the commonly. For both farmers and food vendors in the Old World ( Allen and Allen, 1981 ) transforming cowpea a! In bean and cowpea J.D broadly categorized into foreign and local varieties and usually named after sources! As Pliny referred to it as phaseolus recommendations for the people of diversity,... Investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and improvement in economic well being of producers and overall health consumers... 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Plays an important grain legume in the importance of cowpea cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata [ L. Walp! Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password bean and cowpea J.D text! Article with your friends and colleagues competition for light, nutrient, water and space in! Csir ), short cooking time, size and taste the Old (... Crop improvement and breeding activities and cowpea J.D an intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum collected! Known elsewhere the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable a major source of dietary protein for human... Name cowpea cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata [ L. ] Walp. dietary protein for the of... Any other primary or secondary food crop in Mozambique in Central America, the cowpea crop 1.1 and... This will lead to increased demand for cowpea and improvement in economic being! Size and taste with sorghum, maize and pearl millet with some of the crop will increase. 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Used as a nutritious vegetable varietal resistance for most pests of economic importance in bean and cowpea.! As phaseolus to the livelihood of several millions of people in the of... For traders and consumers to be considered as relevant actors in all the stages of crop improvement breeding... Cleanliness that was also tied to the pre-columbian era a primary food to address malnutrition in poor populations, promoting!

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