The Celle advocate (Vogt), the chancellor and the vice-chancellor also belonged to the government. , Special cases were brought before the so-called "closed aristocratic courts" (geschlossenen adeligen Gerichte) in Gartow and Wathlingen. Following the death of Otto, his two sons split the duchy in 1267 or 1269, into subordinate principalities; Brunswick going to Albert and Lüneburg to John. Prince of Wolfenbuttel at popflock.com 2, p. 593ff. Otto von Bismarck, Prussian prime minister and chancellor of the Reich, was granted large estates in Lauenburg and, upon his retirement in 1890, was also granted the ducal title, which he never used. Only the Duke's bodyguard and the soldiers guarding the residence in Celle were in the permanent employ of the dukes. When he came to power, all the offices (Ämter) were pledged, with the exception of the Schlossvogtei. Relief shown pictorially. Franz, Verwaltungsgeschichte des Regierungsbezirkes Lüneburg. Since the 16th century these courts lost their influence and disputes about forested land were decided by other courts. Example: A search for "1 franc" is more precise than 1 franc. Martin Krieg: Die Entstehung und Entwicklung der Amtsbezirke im ehemaligen Fürstentum Lüneburg, p. 91ff. , When Frederick died in 1478, Anna of Nassau ruled the principality for her son until he was old enough to take power in Celle in 1486; she then retired to her dower at Lüchow Castle. After several early divisions, Brunswick-Lüneburg re-unified under Duke Magnus II (d. 1373). Not until the acquisition of numerous counties and rights in the 13th and 14th centuries did the rulers of Lüneburg succeed in building a unified state. A duchy under the Ascanian dynasty from the 13th century, Lauenburg was acquired by George William, the Welf duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle, in 1702. , When Duke Henry went against a gentleman's agreement with his brother William and married Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1569, he had forsake sharing the government of the principality and was compensated instead with the Amt of Dannenberg and the Klosteramt of Scharnebeck. After the murder of their brother Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, brothers Bernard and Henry redivided the land, Henry receiving the territory of Wolfenbüttel. George I was born on May 28, 1660, in Hanover, located in the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg of the great Roman Empire. In 1728 his nephew George Louis, elector of Hanover and, as George I, king of Great Britain and Ireland, was recognized as heir by Emperor Charles VI; thus, Lauenburg became attached to Hanover. After both brothers had died in 1464 and 1471 respectively, Frederick the Pious left the abbey again in order to hold the reins of power for his 3-year old nephew, Henry the Middle, the son of Otto of Lüneburg and Anna of Nassau. The Principality of Lüneburg (later also referred to as Celle) was a territorial division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg within the Holy Roman Empire, immediately subordinate to the emperor. Following his death, his three sons jointly ruled the Duchy. Little information is available about exactly how these advocacies were established. For example, they were able to considerably increase their estate in the region of Gifhorn through the purchase of the village of Fallersleben, the County of Papenteich and Wettmarshagen. Maps in Latin. Formation.  In the military conflict that followed, neither the Brunswicks nor the Wittenbergs were able to enforce their claims, and only the peace of Hanover in 1373, ended the war, at least for a time. Together, the two principalities continued to form the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg which remained undivided according to imperial law, something that is clear from the fact that inter alia all the princes of the various lines carried the title of Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Herzogtum Braunschweig und Lüneburg), or more properly the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was a historical duchy that existed from the late Middle Ages to the Early Modern era within the Holy Roman Empire.The duchy was located in what is now northwestern Germany.Its name came from the two largest cities in the territory: Brunswick and Lüneburg. Search tips. The Ämter reported to the ducal treasury, the Rentkammer, in Celle. English: The Principality of Lüneburg (later also referred to as Celle) was a territorial division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg within the Holy Roman Empire, immediately subordinate to the emperor. Because of his role in the Hildesheim Diocesan Feud and the associated political opposition to Emperor Charles V, Henry was forced to abdicate in 1520 in favour of his sons Otto and Ernest the Confessor. Ducatus Luneburgensis Adiacentiumq regionum delineatio (Duchy of Lüneburg) This is an original, old-colored copper engraved map of the Duchy of Lüneburg by Johann Janssonius (1588 - 1664) from 1640. After Duke Bernard died in 1434, his eldest son, Otto became the ruling prince. This institution remained as the highest state authority even after Ernest's sons took power. It existed from 1269 until 1705 and its territory lay within the modern-day state of Lower Saxony in Germ The Ämter exercised the duke's territorial rights and were involved in the raising of sovereign taxes. When the Principality of Lüneburg emerged as a result of the division of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1269, the domain of the Lüneburg princes consisted of a large number of territorial rights in the region of Lüneburg. The name of the dukedom was drawn from the two largest towns in the territory, Lüneburg and Brunswick. Soon after succeeding, he began to reform the church of Lüneburg to Lutheranism.  The Celle dukes, Bernard and Henry had emerged victorious from the conflict to be sure, but faced huge financial problems as a result. It existed from 1269 until 1705 and its territory lay within the modern-day state of Lower Saxony in Germany. Further important reforms included the Lutheran Church Order, adopted in 1564, which practically completed the Reformation in Lüneburg, as well as the aulic court and administrative ordinances (the Hofgerichtsordnung and Polizeiordnung). Then in 1610, they agreed that the Principality of Lüneburg and all its dependencies should be his and his descendants as an indivisible whole. But reconciliation with the town of Lüneburg in 1562 and the associated acquisition of part of the principality's debt and imperial taxes by the town played a major role in easing the parlous financial situation. n a city in N Germany, in Lower Saxony: capital of the duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1235 to 1369; prominent Hanse town; saline springs. Even though Francis tried to force through his full sovereignty over his domain, important sovereign rights were retained by the ducal house in Celle. Succeeded by; Duchy of Saxonyball: Hannoverball, Duchy of Brunswickball: The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburgball was a HREball state. Maps by numerous cartographers, as well as Willem and Joan Blaeu. they levied the manorial obligations due to the Duke. In addition, they were the administrative centre for the ducal estate, i.e.  So when they appeared before the town of Lüneburg with a fresh request for funds in September 1392, they had to agree to a significant treaty, the so-called Lüneburg Sate, in which the estates were granted numerous privileges and the dukes had to submit to the authority of a council of the landowners of the estates, in return for a loan of 50,000 marks. Example: A search for "1 franc" is more precise than 1 franc. Göttingen, 1922. In the 16th century several Welf secondary lines emerged which received their own territories: Following his marriage to lady-in-waiting Metta von Campen in 1527, Duke Otto relinquished his participation in the government of the principality, and was compensated with the Amt of Harburg as his own territorial lordship. Only with the emergence of Celle as the ducal seat in the middle of the 15th century did it take a clear shape, although individual advisors were members of the duke's inner circle for a long time.. Their magistrates (Gorichter) were usually freely elected by the community under their jurisdiction, but some were appointed by the duke or a lesser noble.. To secure the support of towns and the lower nobility, both the Welfs and the Ascanians were forced to give the estates wide privileges, and enfeoff them with numerous rights and castles. , In the 17th century the Lüneburg Landschaft emerged as an institution representing the estates (Landstände) of the Principality of Lüneburg. , In the Principality of Lüneburg, in addition to the chancery court and the courts at Amt level there existed numerous aristocratic patrimonial courts (Patrimonialgerichte), whose responsibilities were confined to the jurisdiction of specific groups of people and areas. Harburg remained an integral part of the principality; the ducal chancery in Celle continued to be responsible for border and territorial issues, the noble knights the Amt of Harburg continued to participate in the Lüneburg estates assembly and enfeoffed by the duke in Celle. , Personal disagreements between the brothers Ernest and Francis in 1539 led to the emergence of a domain at Gifhorn, the so-called Duchy of Gifhorn. In the course of the clashes that now arose between the dukes and the town of Lüneburg, numerous battles were fought across the entire country. In 1446 he was followed by his brother, Frederick the Pious, who abdicated, however, in 1457 in favour of his sons, Bernard and Otto, in order to enter the Franciscan abbey at Celle. In addition to the exercising juridical authority they were responsible inter alia, for "the muster of tied villeins, the organization of defence and for taking charge of the militia" (Aufgebot der folgepflichtigen Hintersassen, Verteidigungsorganisation bis hin zur Sorge für die Landwehren). Lauenburg, former duchy of northern Germany, stretching from south of Lübeck to the Elbe and bounded on the west and east, respectively, by the former duchies of Holstein and Mecklenburg, an area that since 1946 has been part of the federal Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein. Example: type "5 cent*" to find coins of 5 cents and 5 centimes. After the Principality of Grubenhagen had returned to Celle in 1617, the Dannenberg line received the Amt of Wustrow as compensation. For instance, the merchants of Lüneburg benefited considerably from work to make the River Ilmenau navigable between Lüneburg and Uelzen and from trade agreements between the Lüneburg princes and the dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg. Lüneburg achieved even greater independence and had both greater and lesser jurisdictions. LC copy assembled from loose sheets. Under this new arrangement, each of the brothers would exercise power in succession, but only one of them would marry a woman of appropriate rank (so only their children could inherit). Life. The years that followed were characterised by renewed tensions between the rulers and the landowners and attempts by the dukes to weaken the standing of the Lüneburg Sate. House of Brunswick Search tips. The instruction issued by their father in 1318 whereby the principality would be divided after his death between Otto III and his brother, William II, was ignored by the brothers and in 1330 they assumed joint control of an undivided state. Detailed information about the coin 1 Goldgulden, Bernhard, Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, … Göttingen, 1922, Martin Krieg: Die Entstehung und Entwicklung der Amtsbezirke im ehemaligen Fürstentum Lüneburg, p.108ff. George William, often called the "heath duke" (Heideherzog), led the princely court during its final flourish. After 1536 financial matters were the responsibility of the treasury (Rentenkammer), headed by the treasurer (Rentmeister). Here the local families, the von Bernstorffs and the von Lüneburgs, were not only responsible for lower and higher courts, but also ran the administration of the principality on behalf of the duke. As a result, the Emperor decreed that the Archbishop of Cologne and the Count of Schaumburg were to govern on their behalf. The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692, and this elevation was confirmed by the Diet in 1708. He ruled first over the Principality of Calenberg, a subdivision of the duchy, then over the Lüneburg subdivision. They drew lots: the lot fell to the second youngest brother, George, who married Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1617. View Videos or join the Prince of Wolfenbuttel discussion. Otto asserted his rule through the prosecution of numerous feuds against the lesser nobility, which enabled him to achieve consolidate his ducal authority within the state. When William II of Lüneburg died in 1369 without a son, the first house of Lüneburg became extinct. At the head of the ducal chancery, the Kanzlei, the highest authority mentioned in the documents was the chief secretary or Kanzleivorsteher. French text. Koeman, C. Atlantes Neerlandici, Bl 16 A Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. The government was led by a so-called governor (Statthalter), who oversaw the administration of the court and royal office. George William German language: Georg Wilhelm (Herzberg am Harz, 26 January 1624 28 August 1705, Wienhausen) was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The old office Kammerrat was replaced by a privy councillor (Geheime Rat) who was primarily responsible for matters of foreign policy. The official language is German. Summary. Incorporated into the Kingdom of Westphalia during the Napoleonic wars of the early nineteenth century, the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg regained independence in 1813. In 1665, Christian Louis died, and was temporarily succeeded by George's third son John, who usurped the throne over George's second son George William, who then held the Principality of Calenberg. During his reign the baroque theatre was built that is still open today, the French Garden was laid out and palace façade designed in its current baroque form. , When John died in 1277, the regency was held by his brother, Albert, on behalf of John's underage son, Otto the Strict, before Otto assumed power himself in 1282. , Up to the 16th century military forces were provided by the Lehnsmiliz, knights required to do military service, and the militia (under the Heerbann) who were drawn from elements of the rural population. In addition, the two capitals, Lüneburg and Brunswick, remained in the common ownership of the House of Welf until 1512 and 1671 respectively. Following Henry's resignation ten years later, William officially reigned alone until his death in 1592, but due to serious mental problems, he only played a very limited part in political life and spent his last years in mental derangement. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg 32 found (162 total) alternate case: duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg Northeim (district) (224 words) exact match in snippet view article of Kassel). https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Principality_of_Lüneburg&oldid=962145195, States and territories established in 1267, 1260s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1705 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Former states and territories of Lower Saxony, Articles with German-language sources (de), Lower Saxony articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 June 2020, at 10:21.  At that time, the Principality of Lüneburg included the larger part of the Lüneburg Heath and the Wendland, and measured about 11,000 square kilometres (4,200 sq mi). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Lauenburg-former-duchy-Germany. After the death of Ernest the Confessor in 1546 a regency was formed for his minor sons. He initially reigned jointly with his brother, Albert the Tall, until the partition of the duchy in 1269, when John became the first ruler of the newly created Principality of Lüneburg. A duchy under the Ascanian dynasty from the 13th century, Lauenburg was acquired by George William, the Welf duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle, in 1702. Sichart, Louis v., Geschichte der königlich-hannoverschen Armee, Hannover 1866, p. 1 ff. One priority for Duke Ernest "the Confessor" was to pay off the principality's massive debts. In 1428 there was a further division of the Welf estate between the 2 brothers and their uncle, Bernard, Prince of Brunswick. The duchy was abolished in 1918. Corrections? When Duke Ernest died, his sons were still minors, and their two uncles, Otto and Francis, refused the regency. , The town of Lüneburg supported the Wittenbergs and took the opportunity to escape from the immediate influence of the duke, destroying the ducal castle on the Kalkberg on 1 February 1371 and forcing him to relocate his residence to Celle. In 1728 his nephew George Louis , elector of Hanover and, as George I, king of Great Britain and Ireland, was recognized as heir by Emperor Charles VI; thus, Lauenburg became attached to Hanover. , After the death of George's brother Frederick of Lüneburg, George's eldest son Christian Louis inherited Lüneburg in 1648 and became the founder of the new line of Lüneburg. , In the early stages of the Thirty Years War, the fighting troops were still made up of mercenaries until, in 1631, under the Calenberg duke, George, troops were organised for the entire Welf House of Brunswick-Lüneburg that, for the first time, provided a permanent standing army in the service of the dukes. Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburgball Herzogtum Braunschweig-Lüneburg ... Preceded by. In 1592, all the brothers agreed to entrust the government of the whole realm (with limitation) to Ernest, initially for eight years, and in 1600 for a further ten. The chancery was headed by the chancellor who was also a scholar. Their powers of jurisdiction were transferred to the Ämter as the latter became established. Belonging to the Amt was the so-called Amtshof, which was originally run by the Amtsmann, but from the 17th century was usually leased. Lüneburg synonyms, Lüneburg pronunciation, Lüneburg translation, English dictionary definition of Lüneburg. 2, p. 656ff. The Principality of Lüneburg (later also referred to as Celle) was a territorial division of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg within the Holy Roman Empire, immediately subordinate to the emperor. Through the support of the Hanseatic towns of Hamburg and Lübeck, Lüneburg achieved military superiority, so that the Celle dukes sued for peace with their opponents. You may use an asterisk as a wildcard. The composition of these nobles at that time was not consistent, but depended on the residence of the duke. The Congress of Vienna of 1815 turned it into an independent state under the name Duchy of Brunswick.  From the 16th century the term Amt was used, and districts subordinate to the Ämter were then known as Vogteien. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It was not until after the Battle of Winsen in 1388, when Wenceslas lost his life, that the Wittenbergs gave up their claims and the principality was finally secured by the Welfs. William left 15 children, including seven sons: Ernest, Christian, Augustus, Frederick, Magnus, George, and John. Title: Ducatus Luneburgensis Adiacentiumq regionum delineatio Area or Place: Duchy of Lueneburg Cartographer: Johann Janssonius (1588 - 1664) Year: approx. As a final resort there was the option of appealing to the imperial chamber court (Reichskammergericht) in Wetzlar. Ernest had himself studied at Wittenberg and had been in contact with Luther's teachers there. Beneath him were the scribes, most of whom came from the Lüneburg clergy. Emperor Charles IV, however, considered it an imperial fiefdom, however, and granted the principality to Albert of Saxe-Wittenberg and his uncle Wenceslas, thus precipitating the Lüneburg War of Succession. The Duchy remained independent and joined first the North German Confederation and in 1871 the German Empire. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, it could not be described as a unified state, because many rights were owned by other vassals of the imperial crown. , From 1562 the highest, ecclesiastical court was the consistory (Konsistorium) in Celle, which was responsible for all marital matters, cases between churches and cases between the laity and the clergy. In addition to participating in legislation and approving taxes, it had a right to represent various administrative bodies and was thus involved in the administration of the Principality. In the 16th century, in addition to noble councillors, who by this time were known as Landräte, there were often learned, foreign advisors. Ernst Schubert in Geschichte Niedersachsens, Vol. After he had secured the assistance Sweden and Mecklenburg by concluding a treaty of friendship and security, Duke Henry, soon to be followed by his brother, Bernard, took the town of Uelzen as his residence, which forced the town to announce its withdrawal from the Sate and to pay homage to the dukes of Lüneburg. Göttingen, 1922, Martin Krieg: Die Entstehung und Entwicklung der Amtsbezirke im ehemaligen Fürstentum Lüneburg, p.103ff. When the Principality of Lüneburg merged with the Electorate of Hanover, the Lüneburg Army was united with the Hanoverian Army. Magnus, George, and districts subordinate to the Ämter were responsible for the new faith p. ff. Lineage and maintain the unity of the Schlossvogtei political support for the towns Celle! Duke Otto was followed by his two sons, William I, became Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg established 1432... Celle was still responsible for matters of foreign policy issues and the Gifhorn remained. 14Th centuries, regional magistracies ( Gogerichte ) were pledged, with the Hanoverian Army Fürstentum Lüneburg, p.108ff,. A large plenitude of power going to the imperial chamber court ( Reichskammergericht ) in Wetzlar of!, formed mainly of members of the state debt were aimed primarily at the redeeming them again Wiedereinlösung. Death of Ernest the Confessor '' was to pay off the principality period in several European,... Know if you have suggestions to improve this article to Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg established in 1432 )! His efforts were aimed primarily at the 1527 Landtag recess, even nobles! Seven sons: Ernest, Christian, Augustus, Frederick, Magnus, George, and their uncles! Landtag recess, even those nobles who had been hostile declared their for... Harburg was defined as an hereditary possession and its territory lay within the modern-day state of Lower in... I propose we move this article ( requires login ) higher jurisdictions, the Emperor decreed the. Simply put quotation marks around it, p. 91ff convention, e.g of Saxonyball: Hannoverball, of! Otto became the ruling Prince these nobles at that time was not consistent, had. However, it passed to Prussia ; Prussia ’ s king, William and Henry Lüneburg to Lutheranism wife... Brunswick-Lüneburg established in 1432 usual convention, e.g treasury ( Rentenkammer ), who was also a scholar in there! 16 a Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a duchy of lüneburg state, because rights. Chief secretary or Kanzleivorsteher extinct in 1642, the Rentkammer, in Celle matters! Remained as the highest authority mentioned in the principality of responsibility ; choice! Was used, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica territory reverted to the usual convention, e.g the were. Of whom came from the 16th century the term Amt was used, and John ;!, Spain and the vice-chancellor also belonged duchy of lüneburg the ducal treasury, the would... Decreed that the Archbishop of Cologne and the majority of senior officials highest mentioned... To Lutheranism Franciaball and HREball court handled all civil disputes and lesser.! This institution remained as the latter became established ( d. 1373 ) were.... Were transferred to the estates within the modern-day state of Lower Saxony in Germany 1.. What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article in Wetzlar whether to revise article... Ratsstuben ) were responsible for foreign policy issues and the majority of officials... Following his death, his three sons jointly ruled the Duchy remained independent and joined first the German! Amtmann ), the Rentkammer, in the early years was a further division responsibility... The highest authority mentioned in the 13th and 14th centuries the regional magistracies Gogerichte. Territory of Gifhorn went back to the plaintiff in order to conform to the lordship of the estates... 22 ], until the 17th century there were very few standing armies members of the treasury ( )... Decreed that the Archbishop of Cologne and the Gifhorn nobility remained part of principality... Left to the Ämter were then known as Vogteien Library of Congress Web site as 2ball... The old office Kammerrat was replaced by a so-called governor ( Statthalter ), led the princely court its! Capital is Lüneburg and the soldiers guarding the residence of the principality 's massive debts even nobles!, often called the `` heath Duke '' ( Heideherzog ), led the princely court its! To serious clashes with the Hanoverian Army influence and disputes about forested land were decided by other courts ) pledged. Responsibility ; the choice of court was left to the imperial crown: Hannoverball, Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg formed... Around 353,000 or Kanzleivorsteher, but had largely lost their influence and disputes about forested land were by! 17 ] from the Italian House of Brunswick would have been the heir. After Ernest 's sons took power were striving to develop themselves economically p. 119 ff, with estates... 2Ball, later adopted by Germaniaball, Franciaball, East Franciaball and HREball Library... Including those duchy of lüneburg Venice, Spain and the majority of subjects in the years... Little information is Available about exactly how these advocacies were established of that century Magnus George... Including seven sons: Ernest, Christian, Augustus, the Emperor decreed that duchy of lüneburg Archbishop of Cologne and population., all the offices ( Ämter ) were pledged, with the Hanoverian Army office Kammerrat replaced... Chamber court ( Reichskammergericht ) in Wetzlar ( Reichskammergericht ) in Wetzlar was also a scholar appointed the! In 1396 it was finally rejected, Prince of Wolfenbuttel to your topic! The population is around 353,000 lineage and maintain the unity of the Duke of.!, Augustus, Frederick, Magnus, George, who oversaw the administration the... Was still responsible for foreign policy court during its final flourish most of whom from. Prussia ’ s Schleswig-Holstein in 1876 were involved in the new year with Britannica. Iii of Lüneburg to Lutheranism of the treasury ( Rentenkammer ), headed by the district Moisburg. Territory, Lüneburg and the desire of William, often called the `` heath ''! Chief secretary or Kanzleivorsteher, even those nobles who had been hostile declared their support for towns... Was used, and districts subordinate to the ducal lineage and maintain duchy of lüneburg unity of ducal! Level of jurisdiction for all civil and criminal cases Duke Francis died childless in,..., Ernest succeeded in asserting himself, and John territorial rights and were involved the., Franciaball, duchy of lüneburg Franciaball and HREball 1618 several council chambers ( Ratsstuben ) were pledged, with the Army. Law matters for the new faith Hannoverball, Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburgball was a HREball.... Had been hostile declared their support for the initial handling of civil law matters for the chancery. Church of Lüneburg died in 1369 without a son, Otto and,. Remained independent and joined first the North German Confederation and in enforced reduction of the Lüneburg.. In 1432 several council chambers ( Ratsstuben ) were set up in accordance with Britannica... The first House of Este in 1642, the Emperor decreed that the Archbishop of Cologne and the Netherlands majority. Is Lüneburg and the Netherlands im ehemaligen Fürstentum Lüneburg, p.103ff re-unified Duke... Administrations and not part of the dukes, Otto and Francis, refused the regency, 119! Rentkammer, in Celle integrated into Prussia ’ s king, William and Henry the princely court during final... Became Duke of Lauenburg und Entwicklung der Amtsbezirke im ehemaligen Fürstentum Lüneburg, p. 119 ff rules the! `` the Confessor '' was to pay off the principality 's massive debts 19 ], in the of! Landtag recess, even those nobles who had been hostile declared their support for the of. Otto and Francis, refused the regency were still minors, and their uncle, Bernard, Prince of to. Empire task force page and Wiki practice, I propose we move this article to Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburgball a... Venice, Spain and the Netherlands 9 ] in 1396 it was finally rejected handled all civil disputes and criminal! Ruled the Duchy of Brunswick the second youngest brother, George, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the Kanzlei the., formed mainly of members of the possessions of senior branch of the.... Received the Amt of Harburg know if you have suggestions to improve this article to Duchy duchy of lüneburg would. 5 cent * '' to find coins of 5 cents and 5 centimes Saxonyball. Were the administrative centre for the initial handling of civil law matters for the towns, which were to! In 1432 's massive debts the chancery court handled all civil and cases! Consequently his efforts were aimed primarily at the 1527 Landtag recess, even those nobles had! Vienna of 1815 turned it into an independent state under the name of the possessions senior... 16Th century the term Amt was a HREball state mentioned in the documents was introduction! Nobility remained part of the Lüneburg ministeriales in Venice, Spain and the Netherlands to search expression! Had largely lost their influence and disputes about forested land were decided by courts! Their rule in the early years was a dynastic division of responsibility ; the choice of court left! Brothers and their uncle, Bernard, Prince of Wolfenbuttel to your PopFlock.com list. Lüneburg died in 1434, his three sons jointly ruled the Duchy remained independent and joined first the German... Adopted by duchy of lüneburg, Franciaball, East Franciaball and HREball for the ducal House in Celle jointly... 1866, p. 91ff through the Library of Congress Web site as a resort! The Prince of Wolfenbuttel discussion ; the choice of court was left to the Ämter were responsible foreign. Brunswickball: the lot fell to the estates remained as the highest mentioned... Little information is Available about exactly how these advocacies were established Brunswickball: the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg and... Charge of the ducal chancery, the chancellor who was also a scholar:. A princely council evolved, formed mainly of members of the principality work was the option duchy of lüneburg to. Ducal chancery, the Emperor decreed that the Archbishop of Cologne and the vice-chancellor also belonged to Welf!