Admired poet Stefan George and often quoted him. Tresckow convinced him to go on with it even if it had no chance of success at all, "The assassination must be attempted. He led the Soviets to the hiding place of the documents in February 1945. He later taught himself how to write with his left hand. For his involvement in the movement, he was executed by firing squad shortly after Operation Valkyrie. With the war in its fifth year and taking an increasingly ominous turn for Germany, most of the adult male members of the aristocratic Catholic clantwins Alexander and Berthold, and their brilliant younger brother Clauswere absent. Alexander Franz Clemens Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 March 1905 in Stuttgart – 27 January 1964 in Munich) was a German aristocrat and historian. Even if it fails, we must take action in Berlin", as this was the only way to prove to the world that the Hitler regime and Germany were not one and the same and that not all Germans supported the regime. Životopis. But by the beginning of September 1943, after a somewhat slow recovery from his wounds, he was propositioned by the conspirators and was introduced to Henning von Tresckow as a staff officer to the headquarters of the Ersatzheer ("Replacement Army" – charged with training soldiers to reinforce first line divisions at the front), located on the Bendlerstrasse (later Stauffenbergstrasse) in Berlin. Tresckow did not return to Germany, as he committed suicide at Królowy Most, Poland in 1944, after learning of the plot's failure. [41], Stauffenberg was aware that, under German law, he was committing high treason. From the beginning of September 1943 until 20 July 1944, Stauffenberg was the driving force behind the plot to assassinate Hitler and take control of Germany. Although he had ongoing health problems until he was a teenager, he opted for a military career and developed a heavy smoking habit (which was shared by his wife, who smoked until she died aged 92). Although Stauffenberg agreed with the Nazi Party's racist and nationalistic aspects and had supported the German colonization of Poland and made extremist remarks regarding Polish Jews,[14][15][16] he never became a member. Was once responsible for the training of future Olympic Games horseback riders. His mother was 15 years younger than his father. Home from work for the day last week I vegged out in front of the Military Channel, and ended up watching a documentary on Claus von Stauffenberg and the assassination plot against Hitler. Berthold went on to become a general in West Germany's post-war Bundeswehr. [29], On 7 April 1943, Stauffenberg was involved in driving from one unit to another, directing their movement. Wilhelm Franz Canaris was born on 1 January 1887. Four children resulted from the marriage: Berthold Maria (born 3 July 1934), Heimeran (born 9 July 1936), Franz Ludwig (born 4 May 1938) and Valerie (born 15 November 1940). The Ersatzheer had a unique opportunity to launch a coup, as one of its functions was to have Operation Valkyrie in place. [47][48] [34] Initially, he felt frustrated not to be in a position to stage a coup himself. Stauffenberg, his aide 1st Lieutenant Werner von Haeften, General Friedrich Olbricht, and Colonel Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim were executed before 1:00 in the morning (21 July 1944) by a makeshift firing squad in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock, which was lit by the headlights of a truck. Was fluent in Russian, French and English and semi-fluent in Greek and Latin. Unfortunately, the bomb--placed in a briefcase--was accidentally moved behind a strong wooden support of the table it was beneath, which was between it and its intended target, Hitler. His closest intimate, from childhood on, was his brother Berthold. "[6], In his youth, he and his brothers were members of the Neupfadfinder, a German Scout association and part of the German Youth movement. Unlike his fellow trainees, however, Claus was interested neither in philandering nor carousing--he preferred to study Russian parallel to his training. Stauffenberg, like most other German professional military officers, had absolutely no doubt that the war was lost. 30 stycznia 1933 roku świętujący to wydarzenie mieszkańcy Bambergu zorganizowali marsz z pochodniami. Claus’s other brother Berthold was not so lucky. Franz-Ludwig became a member of both the German and European parliaments, representing the Christian Social Union in Bavaria. Claus von Stauffenberg was born in Jettingen, Germany on November 15, 1907. In 1929 he finished his training in Hanover as sixth-best of his age group and as best in cavalry. The assault at Sbiba was halted, so Rommel concentrated on Kasserine Pass where primarily the Italian 7th Bersaglieri Regiment and 131st Armoured Division Centauro had defeated the American defenders. He openly told young conspirator Axel von dem Bussche in late 1943, "ich betreibe mit allen mir zur Verfügung stehenden Mitteln den Hochverrat..." ("I am committing high treason with all means at my disposal...."). Official Sites, Wavy chestnut hair, very light skin and piercing blue eyes, One of the leading figures of the 7/20/1944 plot by German army officers to assassinate. A charismatic German resistance member and would-be assassin of Adolf Hitler, Claus Phillip Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was born 15 November 1907, 1:00 a.m. CET, in the family's castle in the small Bavarian town of Jettingen (today known as Jettingen-Scheppach). Unlike his fellow trainees, however, Claus was interested neither in philandering nor carousing--he preferred to study Russian parallel to his training. See more ideas about hitler, vons, best husband. Eventually, over 20,000 Germans were killed or sent to concentration camps in the purge.[52]. Unfortunately, in his youth he suffered from poor health, and it was likely that this contributed to his lack of ambition, which in turn contributed to his "average" grades in school while his healthier older brothers managed to be straight-A students. He was born one of a set of twins (his other twin, Konrad Maria, only lived for one day after birth). The secret grave of would-be Hitler assassin Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg may have been discovered on the 66th anniversary of the failed plot. In 1989, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev presented these documents to then-German chancellor Dr. Helmut Kohl. Joachim Fest; Hitler – Eine Biographie; Propyläen, Berlin; 2. Carice van Houten: Nina von Stauffenberg. In 2008, Konstanze von Schulthess-Rechberg wrote a best-selling book about her mother, Nina Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg. After his return to Berlin, Stauffenberg immediately began to motivate his friends to initiate the second phase: the military coup against the Nazi leaders. They'll come for all of you. The difference between Stauffenberg, Helldorf and Schulenburg – all of them counts – was that Helldorf had come to the Nazi Movement as a primitive, I might almost say an unpolitical revolutionary. "), in reference to Stefan George and the anti-Nazi circle. ("Long live the secret Germany! [21], Stauffenberg's unit was reorganized into the 6th Panzer Division, and he served as an officer on its General Staff in the Battle of France, for which he was awarded the Iron Cross First Class. Before he was killed, Berthold was strangled and then revived multiple times. Hitler was appointed Chancellor the same year Claus married his wife, Nina. "Gräfin von Stauffenberg: Abschied von einer Zeitzeugin", "Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (1907–1944): Leben und Würdigung- Vortrag anläßlich der Gedenkveranstaltung zum 100.Geburtstag von Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, Ketrzyn/Rastenburg, 22.Juli 2007", "Im Porträt: Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg", Herbert Ammon: Vom Geist Georges zur Tat Stauffenbergs – Manfred Riedels Rettung des Reiches, in: Iablis 2007, "Germans against Hitler. He held the hereditary titles of "Graf" (count) and "Schenk" (cupbearer). Stauffenberg had been transferred to the organizational department of OKH during the idle months of the so-called Phoney War (1939–1940, before the Battle of France). When they demanded clarification, Olbricht faltered. 15 listopada 1907 w Jettingen w Bawarii, zm. In 1926 he finished school, by which time he had changed his career plans from music to the military and soon enlisted in the army, and after training was posted to the 17th Cavalry Regiment in Bamberg. 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