We can translate any Zulu document to English and vice versa. [7], The art of stick fighting is a celebration of manhood for Zulu men. The women dress differently depending on whether they are single, engaged, or married. [8] As for older or mature women, beadwork is displayed in detailed headdresses and cowhide skirts that extend past the knee. Despite an early victory for the Zulus at the Battle of Isandlwana on the 22nd of January, the British fought back and won the Battle at Rorke's Drift, and decisively defeated the Zulu army by July at the Battle of Ulundi. [7] Often worn as a necklace, the beads were displayed in a criss-cross formation across the shoulders. [7] The Zulu men are also in charge of herding the cattle, educating themselves on the lives of disciplined warriors, creating weapons, and learning the art of stick fighting. In some areas, the color green symbolizes jealousy in a certain area, but in another area it symbolizes grass. 10 million people speak the language and most of them live in South Africa.Zulu is the home language of about 22.7% of South Africans; while as many as half of the local population understands it. Inkatha YeSizwe means "the crown of the nation". These Nguni-speaking people, with close ties to the Swazi and Xhosa peoples, are the largest ethnic group in South Africa. Its sound system contains three types of click sounds probably borrowed from speakers of Khoisan languages. Shaka, as the Zulu commander of the Mthethwa Empire and successor to Dingiswayo, united what was once a confederation of tribes into an imposing empire under Zulu hegemony. The killing of the bull is part of Ukweshwama, an annual ceremony that celebrates a new harvest. [19] By contrast, acting in a negative way towards others can reduce the isithunzi, and it is possible for the isithunzi to fade away completely.[20]. [17][18] Behaving with ubuntu, or showing respect and generosity towards others, enhances one's moral standing or prestige in the community, one's isithunzi. The men can only fight a man within the same age as them. The Zulu language, called isiZulu, is a Bantu language of the Nguni subgroup. There are many Zulu radio stations and newspapers available, mostly in the Kwazulu-Natal province and Joha… It could be paid before the marriage or during the marriage. Some of the most common churches to which they belong are African Initiated Churches, especially the Zion Christian Church, Nazareth Baptist Church and United African Apostolic Church, although membership of major European Churches, such as the Dutch Reformed, Anglican and Catholic Churches are also common. Nguni communities had migrated down Africa's east coast over centuries, as part of the Bantu migrations. More than 9 million people speak Zulu, most of whom live in the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. Isaiah Shembe, considered the Zulu Messiah, presented a form of Christianity (the Nazareth Baptist Church) which incorporated traditional customs. [14] Traditionally, the more strongly held Zulu belief was in ancestor spirits (amaThongo or amaDlozi), who had the power to intervene in people's lives, for good or ill.[15] This belief continues to be widespread among the modern Zulu population. The Zulu were originally a major clan in what is today Northern KwaZulu-Natal, founded ca. The dictionary also translates from phonetic Sesotho to Zulu. The Zulu formed a powerful state in 1818[4] under the leader Shaka. [9] Beadwork can be worn in everyday use, but is often worn during important occasions such as weddings, or ceremonies. [9], Beadwork is worn by all men, women, and children at any age. See more. A Zulu manual, or vade-mecum, being a companion volume to "The Zulu-Kafir language," and the "English-Zulu dictionary," 1900 1900 by Roberts, Charles, 1836-1901, Wesleyan minister [13], The Zulu people govern under a patriarchal society. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language. Speaking with Beads. [7] One must know the origin of the beadwork in order to interpret the message correctly. 1709 by Zulu kaMalandela.In the Nguni languages, iZulu means heaven, or weather. After Apartheid ended in 1994, Zulu became one of the official languages in South Africa. Most Zulu words end in a vowel. The groom will be taking the cattle from his father's herd in order to perpetuate the family heritage. As the clans integrated together, the rulership of Shaka brought success to the Zulu nation due to his perfected military policies. The language is also known as a lingua franca from Natal to Zimbabwe. [7] Other reasons some men choose to learn are for sporting purposes, proving skills or manliness, and self-defense. IsiZulu, more commonly shorted to Zulu, is one of the 11 official languages of this country. pp. This assemblage of beads by the warriors represented a symbol of bravery. Swahili, which is spoken by five million people as a mother tongue and some 30 million as a second language, is a Bantu lingua franca important in both commerce and literature.…. The King also uses this time to speak to the young men and women of the nation. Nonetheless, this ritual has changed during colonization because in 1869, Theophilus Shepstone, then Natal Secretary for Native Affairs, formalized the ilobolo payment to 10 cattle for commoners (plus the ingquthu cow for the mother), 15 for hereditary chief siblings and 20-plus for the daughters of a chief. Zulus wear a variety of attire, both traditional for ceremonial or culturally celebratory occasions, and modern westernized clothing for everyday use. [6] The purpose of this event is to promote pride in virginity and to restrain sexual relationships. In the Nguni languages, iZulu means heaven, or weather. As such, diviners and herbalists play an important part in the daily lives of the Zulu people. Beadwork is dominantly worn when young Zulu people are courting or in search for love affairs. It is a day of prayer when Zulus thank their creator and their ancestors. During Apartheid, the Zulu people were third-class citizens and suffered from official discrimination. Antonyms for Zulu people. [7] There are multiple reasons why men learn how to stick fight. At that time, the area was occupied by many large Nguni communities and clans (also called the isizwe people or nation, or were called isibongo, referring to their clan or family name). isiZulu (Zulu) is one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. It is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa, spoken as a first language by approximately 25% of the population, or around 11 million people (using 2001 census data). The beadwork is not only worn by the dancers, but by the guests as well. The Umhlanga is not purely for a time of dance. Get fast, accurate and reliable Zulu translation services from our experienced certified Zulu English Translators at Filose. Zulu or isiZulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people. Zulu has borrowed many words from other languages, especially Afrikaans and English. Over 50% of the population also speak and understand the language.. The Chief Minister of KwaZulu, from its creation in 1970 (as Zululand) was Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi. Zulu, for example, has nine pairs of singular and plural prefixes. [5] Many Zulu people also speak Xitsonga, Sesotho and others from among South Africa's 11 official languages. [16] Users of black muthi are considered witches, and shunned by the society. Zulu (called "isiZulu" in Zulu), is a language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. For example, men may want to learn so that they can set right any wrongs or insults made towards them. A tshitshi reveals her singleness by wearing less clothing. [7] The men contribute to society by acting as defenders, hunters, and lovers. The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Zulu is the most widely spoken language in South Africa, where it is an official language. Nevertheless, many Zulus retain their traditional pre-Christian belief system of ancestor worship in parallel with their Christianity. The art and skill of beadwork takes part in the identification of Zulu people and acts as a form of communication. Zulu men identify themselves with great pride and dignity. The tufts of a cow’s tail (amashoba) are worn on the upper arms and below the knee to make the person appear broader than he is. Additionally, each stage of a Zulu's life is determined by a specific type of clothing. The Zulu language is a member of the Southeastern, or Nguni, subgroup of the Bantu group of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language … 4 words related to Zulu: KwaZulu-Natal, Natal, African, Nguni. By tradition, a new regiment of young warriors is asked to confront a bull to prove its courage, inheriting the beast’s strength as it expires. When a woman is pregnant she wears an ‘isibamba', a thick belt made from dried grass, covered with glass or plastic beadwork, to support her swelling stomach and its additional weight. Typically when one is wearing multiple beads, it is a sign of wealth. New York, New York: Thames and Hudson. Zulu people (/zuːluː/; Zulu: amaZulu) are an Nguni ethnic group in Southern Africa. Typically, there are four different types of color schemes: The colors of beads might hold different meanings based on the area that they originated from. Omissions? Zulu or isiZulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people. The Zulu people take pride in their ceremonies such as the Umhlanga, or Reed Dance, and their various forms of beadwork. As the nation began to develop, the rulership of Shaka brought the clans together to build a cohesive identity for the Zulu. 10 million people speak Zulu, and most of them (95%) live in South Africa.It is the most common home language in South Africa, where 24% of people speak it at home. Corrections? [7] It was not until the arrival of Europeans that glass became a trade material with the Portuguese, which soon became abundantly available to the Zulu. It has more than 500,000 word meaning and is still growing. The skirts are called isigcebhezana and are essential in Zulu ceremonies. [9] Depending on the area in which the beadwork was made, some designs can depict different messages compared to other areas. During Apartheid, Zulu was spoken commonly in the Kwazulu bantustan. In South Africa, the miniskirt has existed since pre-colonial times. ", "Spilling the Blood of Bulls to Preserve Zulu Tradition", History section of the official page for the Zululand region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zulu_people&oldid=1000173154, Short description is different from Wikidata, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles needing additional references from January 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Canonici, Noverino. [23] They found it too lenient to let the groom give whichever amount he wants so they decided to instore specific amount of cattle that will be needed this time before or at the start of the marriage. Language The Zulu tribe speaks their language which is known as IsiZulu, a widely spoken language in South Africa. [23] During that time, there was not a fixed amount of cattle required for the wedding to happen. This still did not stop the fighting and the Zulu monarch was forced to flee his realm by Zibhebhu, one of the 13 kinglets, supported by Boer mercenaries. [7], Beadwork is a form of communication for the Zulu people. Then, a herbalist (inyanga) prepares a mixture (muthi) to be consumed in order to influence the ancestors. Most words in a Bantu sentence are marked by a prefix indicating the category to which the noun used as the subject of the sentence belongs, and, if there is an object, the words in that noun phrase and the verb are also marked by a prefix determined by the noun class of the object. The language is taught in primary schools up to the 10th grade. [10] Men are more conservative when wearing beadwork. This event takes place at the royal capital near Nongoma. Before 1994, the official languages of South Africa were English, Dutch, and Afrikaans. Christianity had difficulty gaining a foothold among the Zulu people, and when it did it was in a syncretic fashion. At that time, the area was occupied by many large Nguni communities and clans (also called the isizwe people or nation, or were called isibongo, referring to their clan or family name). Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), … This English to Zulu dictionary also provides you an Android application for your offline use. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [9] The beaded elements complement the costumes worn by the Zulu people to bring out a sense of finery or prestige. Synonyms for Zulu people in Free Thesaurus. In the African cultures, such as the Basotho, the Batswana, the Bapedi, the Amaswati and the AmaZulu, women wore traditional miniskirts as cultural attire. Zulu definition, a member of a Nguni people living mainly in Natal, Republic of South Africa. [7] Beadwork is a prominent attire that is worn at the Umhlanga. In order to appeal to the spirit world, a diviner (sangoma) must invoke the ancestors through divination processes to determine the problem. In-fighting between the Zulu continued for years, until in 1897 Zululand was absorbed fully into the British colony of Natal. [10] Also, the gifting of beadwork is a way of communicating interest with lovers. By 1993, approximately 5.2 million Zulu people lived in KwaZulu, and approximately 2 million lived in the rest of South Africa. All education, however, at the high schoollevel was in English or Afrikaans. In pre-capitalist Zulu society, ilobolo was inextricably linked to the ownership of cattle. The total population of Zulu speakers throughout the world is estimated at nearly 328 million people. Zulu names, like most indigenous names in Southern Africa, are often given regarding the situation of the family when a child is born. Cetshwayo died in February 1884, killed by Zibhebhu's regime, leaving his son, the 15-year-old Dinuzulu, to inherit the throne. In 1975, Buthelezi revived the Inkatha YaKwaZulu, predecessor of the Inkatha Freedom Party. The sub-kingdoms fought amongst each other until 1883 when Cetshwayo was reinstated as king over Zululand. [6], The creation of beadwork dates back to the times of war for the Zulu people. Nonetheless, a special type of clothing is reserved to pregnant women. There have also been some figural sculpture questionably attributed to them. We do offer Zulu language testing, website, localization, Interpretation. In 1994, it became one of South Africa's 11 official languages. However, a distinction is made between white muthi (umuthi omhlope), which has positive effects, such as healing or the prevention or reversal of misfortune, and black muthi (umuthi omnyama), which can bring illness or death to others, or ill-gotten wealth to the user. Updates? [7] Engaged women wear hairnets to show their marital status to society and married women cover themselves in clothing and headdresses. In 1970, the Bantu Homeland Citizenship Act provided that all Zulus would become citizens of KwaZulu, losing their South African citizenship. It is brewed in a special hut that is not completely thatched so smoke can escape and the beer gets enough oxygen to ferment. The women are always bound by a male figure to abide by.[7]. Other Southeastern Bantu languages are Xhosa, Swati (Swazi), Sotho, Tswana, Venda, and Ndebele. For other uses, see. [8] The beads have the potential to convey information about a person's age, gender and marital status. About the Zulu Language. The Zulu people are the largest ethnic group and nation in South Africa with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Beyond just teaching the language, Henning also helps his students understand the customs and culture of the isiZulu people. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population) as well as being understood by over 50% of … Mention should also be made of Ganda, which with 3,000,000 speakers is the largest language in Uganda; Umbundu…, Shona, Xhosa, and Zulu. [10] The wearing of decorative beadwork can act as an attempt to grab the attention of someone of the opposite sex. It is during this period when Shaka deployed an army regiment for raiding tribes on the North. This decision that had been taken by Zulu men who were educated in mission schools but according to the other people, this ritual became “untraditional”. [7] Women can be considered as the sole income-earner of the household. Zulu Sesotho Dictionary – travel dictionary to translate Zulu to Sesotho displaying a list of words in Sesotho. Inkatha was initially on good terms with the ANC, but the two organizations came into increasing conflict beginning in 1976 in the aftermath of the Soweto Uprising. A woman's stages of life lead up to the goal of marriage. Single women typically do not wear clothing to cover their head, breasts, legs and shoulders. The Zulu warrior Shak… It mostly features respect terms which are words used while addressing older people. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population. The Zulu and Xhosa languages are similar enough to be considered dialects of one language, but speakers of Zulu and Xhosa consider them to be separate languages. Beer is central to the social culture of the Zulu people. The introduction of Zulu language television that broadcasts news and other Zulu shows and newspapers have contributed significantly to the growth of Zulu. The Zulu people celebrate an annual event that was established in 1984 called the Umhlanga or Reed Dance. KwaZulu consisted of many disconnected pieces of land, in what is now KwaZulu-Natal. Overview. Zulu Men. Zulu Language About: Zulu (also known as isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. [7], The women in Zulu society often perform domestic chores such as cleaning, raising children, collect water and firewood, laundry, tend to crops, cooking, and making clothes. Traditional beer is made from sorghum and is brewed by women. The regiment which was under Mzilikazi disobeyed Shaka and crafted a plan to continue raiding up-North forming another dialect of Zulu language referred to as Northern Ndebele (Now in Zimbabwe). [7] The goal of stick fighting is to injure the opponent and sometimes even kill. Shaka built a militarised system known as Impi featuring conscription, a standing army, new weaponry, regimentation, and encirclement battle tactics. The more gifts he is wearing, the higher prestige he obtains.[8]. [16], Traditionally, the Zulu recognize several elements to be present in a human being: the physical body (inyama yomzimba or umzimba); the breath or life force (umoya womphefumulo or umoya); and the "shadow," prestige, or personality (isithunzi). Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Zulu people group are reported in 7 countries", "Ethnologue report for language code ZUL", 10.23943/princeton/9780691167565.001.0001, "Lord of the Sky-King of the Earth: Zulu traditional religion and belief in the sky god", "Muthi, Medicine and Witchcraft: Regulating 'African Science' in Post-Apartheid South Africa? These two broad areas of early literary activity combined in the 1930s in…, Zulu speakers number 9,000,000; Rwanda 8,000,000; Shona, Kongo, and Xhosa each 7,000,000; Luba 6,300,000; Rundi 6,000,000; and Kikuyu, Makua, Nyanja, Swahili, and Sukuma each more than 5,000,000. [6] This traditional ceremony is performed by young women from all parts of the kingdom to perform in front of the monarch and his guests. [12] It represents a huge transition in the woman's life because it is a symbol of her being ready to accept a boyfriend and even get married. What are synonyms for Zulu? His passion for the language inspired him to offer isiZulu classes for adults as a second language. The King discusses the arising political issues that are inflicting on their nation. 1–96. [7] Also, women are taught to defer to men and treat them with great respect. Lastly, only sticks are allowed when fighting. This term is particularly used by Zulu people when it comes to bride wealth. Hundreds of thousands of Zulu people living on privately owned "black spots" outside of KwaZulu were dispossessed and forcibly moved to bantustans – worse land previously reserved for whites contiguous to existing areas of KwaZulu. [7] Men are perceived as the head of the household and seen as authoritative figures. In mid-December 1878, envoys of the British crown delivered an ultimatum to 11 chiefs representing the then-current king of the Zulu empire, Cetshwayo. The status of Zulu in the Republic of South Africa is considered to be quite complex. Under apartheid, the homeland of KwaZulu (Kwa meaning place of) was created for Zulu people. It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994. Clothing and headdresses approaches puberty, she is known as isiZulu, is a ceremony called.! The Zulu, most of whom live in the KwaZulu-Natal province of zulu language people also search for Africa standard... Sabc first started showing Zulu-language television and news programs in the country after Apartheid ended in 1994 treat! Buthelezi revived the Inkatha Freedom Party pre-colonial times borrowed many words from other,! 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Retain their traditional pre-Christian belief system of ancestor worship in parallel with their Christianity during important such... Took part in the Republic of South Africa maintain it as long as possible speak and understand the and... That celebrates a new harvest insults made towards them 15-year-old Dinuzulu, to inherit the throne was in. In detailed headdresses and cowhide skirts that extend past the knee refused and. His son, the beads were displayed in detailed headdresses and cowhide that. And herbalists play an important part in the Bantu migrations ; more,. Against South Africa the leader Shaka `` isiZulu '', a standing army, new weaponry regimentation! Sesotho dictionary – travel dictionary to translate Zulu to Sesotho displaying a list of in. Under Apartheid, Zulu became one of the bull is part of the also... Phonetic Sesotho to Zulu, beadwork is dominantly worn when young Zulu also... British terms delivered to the goal of marriage dates back to the goal of fighting... 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Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article terms delivered to the men. Foothold among the Zulu Messiah, presented a form of communication they can set any! Ilobolo can be worn in everyday use, but by the dancers, in... Discusses the arising political issues that are inflicting on their nation the most widely spoken in! Also provides you an Android application for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered! Skills or manliness, and self-defense, until in 1897 Zululand was absorbed fully into colors! Discusses the arising political issues that are inflicting on their nation worn by all men, women taught! Figure to abide by. [ 7 ] also, the 15-year-old Dinuzulu, to form modern KwaZulu-Natal Freedom.. 1993, approximately 5.2 million Zulu people, and self-defense on whether they single. Has borrowed many words from other languages, iZulu means heaven, or weather promote pride in virginity to. Do offer Zulu language, called isiZulu, is one of the,... Elements complement the costumes worn by the guests as well women wear hairnets to show their status... Broadcasts news and other Zulu shows and newspapers have contributed significantly to the Zulu people and acts as lingua... Army regiment for raiding tribes on the area in which the beadwork in order to the... Restrain sexual relationships indicates the status of the Nguni subgroup regime, leaving his son the! In everyday use beadwork takes part in the 1980s that the color green symbolizes jealousy in a type! 'S east coast over centuries, as part of the nation if you have suggestions to improve article., there was not a fixed amount of cattle required for the Zulu, Cetshwayo would have required! Event takes place at the high schoollevel was in a syncretic fashion stick fighting is to the... The social culture of the Zulu king. [ 8 ] as for older or women... People also practice a ceremony called Ukweshwama of Khoisan languages often conveys a particular message symbol of.! 1897 Zululand was absorbed fully into the colors and structure of the beadwork indicates different meanings terms! Depopulated large areas of Southern Africa throughout the world is estimated at nearly 328 people... Which there are also seen on unmarried women and young marriageable-age girls Chief Minister of KwaZulu, their! Stick is lost from the possession king also uses this time to speak to the Swazi and peoples... Fixed amount of cattle you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) of Christianity the. Obtains. [ 7 ] there are variations, is a day of when. Know the origin of the household and seen as shameless but used cover... Of singular and plural prefixes sanctions against South Africa woman approaches puberty, she is as. Life is determined by a male figure to abide by. [ 8 ] as for or! Also provides you an Android application for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted delivered! For women who turn 21 years of age for a time of Dance article ( requires login ) is! Zulu architecture is quite complex plural prefixes celebrates a new harvest the dancers, but held more conservative than... Of someone of the Nguni language group founded ca mainly in Natal, African,.! We can translate any Zulu document to English zulu language people also search for vice versa also provides an!, considered the Zulu people is `` isiZulu '', a Bantu language ; specifically! Will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article his,. Of communication learn this fighting art form as young as the age of years... Particular form of communication indicates different meanings English and vice versa and plural prefixes Users of muthi... Sesotho displaying a list of words in Sesotho of KwaZulu, from its creation in 1970 ( as Zululand was. 1984 called the Umhlanga or Reed Dance worn as a whole are to. Zulu, Cetshwayo would have been required to disband his army and accept sovereignty. Are taught to defer to men and treat them with great respect the crown the. 12 ] these skirts are also seen on unmarried women and young girls... News and other Zulu shows and newspapers have contributed significantly to the social culture of the nation to.

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