Chapter One reported a consistent preference for environments that are natural, bright, and sunny as opposed to urban, dark, and overcast environments. Part II describes verification of improved models of MRT and daylighting implemented into the simulation tool IDA ICE, which is one of the steps to make the integrated design method practically applicable for building designers. How well do New Zealand, architects understand systems and methods for, re-directing natural light into deep windowless. Since CFS are installed for providing simultaneous enhanced lighting and thermal environments, performing integrated simulations between those two domains is a necessity. In Paper III, the impact of different weather data sets for a given location and of the time-steps applied was therefore investigated. The thesis proposes a simple method to aid urban designers in the daylighting aspect of the decision-making process in the early stages of design when the outline of the city is defined. Lastly, the third paper delves into the development of sensor-based building technology systems, such as WindowMaster, NetAtmo, Nest, and so forth. The DGP describes the probability that a person is disturbed by daylight glare. Discomfort glare is considered to be an annoyance or distraction caused by sources of non-uniform or high luminance within the field of view of an observer. To conclude, the results obtained with the new device provide a more comprehensive scientific framework and practical basis for indoor lighting design at workplaces. Furthermore, the influence of several other factors on discomfort glare perception from daylight in office buildings was tested and the data was further analyzed regarding potential experimental biases in order to answer the two additional research questions. Light topography, e.g. Unlike other environmental factors like temperature, air quality, and sound, daylight creates direct impacts on the appearance of a space and cannot be divorced from the simultaneously aesthetic implications it has on architectural design. (1994). Gallagher (1994) suggests that architects are, starting to respond to the growing awareness, of the importance of light to wellbeing, and, she cites the New York Board of Education and, their experimentation with classroom shape, as, shown in Figure 5, “… rather than the traditional, box, this version’s plan resembles a bisected, opposite directions; because it has eight corners, and walls instead of four, the room allows for. Thus, an understanding of how systematical variations in architecture through a welldefined physiological mechanism can influence health, healing and well-being is successfully established. This phase provides a framework for architects and designers to compute climate and context-specific daylight information and use an appropriate multi-spectral daylight rendering platform to compute colour-dependent visual perceptions. Thanks to the CDCP, any retrofit actions can be exactly estimated, in order to maximize the benefits of refurbishment actions and to promote effective environmental retrofit strategies, according to the actual users’ needs. Now however, these functions can be fulfilled by artificial lighting and mechanical ventilation. they are comfortable ...” (Cherulink, 1993:7). The paper addresses two main issues: (i) a range of core-daylighting systems, and (ii) the findings from a survey of New Zealand architects (approximately 1 in 3 of those listed in the Architects Education and Registration Board register). These indexes contribute towards designing efficient lighting system including automated blind control and artificial lighting in response to the fluctuation of natural daylight. Nordic Light ‐ and its impact on the design of apertures in Nordic architecture. It is intended that the outcome takes the form of generalized discussions, principals and concepts that can be adapted to individual development and educational progress and thereby create added value in sustainable living environments with focus on the natural resource of daylight – an energy source and an architectural potential. The third part addresses the building envelope and the manipulation of its components to provide these requirements. In regard of CASBEE, it is strongly desired to keep up the rapid development of analysis technology, sensing technology and the evaluation indexes, by revising constantly and consistently. Egan, M.D., & Olgyay, V. (2002). The criteria and evaluation must also include the daylight acquisition and the discomfort glare, and must be able to present designers with an appropriate numerical goal. Sustainable solutions such as daylight systems are not treated as add-ons, but related to each and every building element. Occupant perspectives of perceived everyday encounters with automated homes through a combination of questionnaire and blog enquiry. Natural light is a dynamic and ephemeral tool for expressing the quality of space. Daylight elements such as good lighting, window size and view out have a pivotal role function, aesthetics or symbolism. Evidence is presented to show that these result from imprecision in the model specification – such as, uncertainty of the circumsolar luminance – rather than the prediction algorithms themselves. Living daylighting. Complementing earlier studies performed in domains of chronobiology and neuroscience, we explored the role of daytime light exposure in human mental wellbeing, health and performance, focusing on individuals’ behavior, experiences and preferences during regular daytime hours. The first cycle describes the “State of the art” in the research field “Atmosphere”. Improving current models predicting discomfort glare perception remains a crucial step to move towards optimal daylighting design in buildings. In recent years, there has been a growing conception that the architectural design of hospitals can help to promote healing processes among patients. The variations gives an overview of the consequence of potential design decisions in terms of indoor environment and energy performance prior to any actual form giving of the building. For example, such as darkrooms and basement shops, bars, and restaurants, there are strict requirements, for the design of workplaces. The hypothesis is examined through literature studies, empirical observations, interviews with practitioners, a series of simulation studies focused on energy optimization, solar gains and daylight, and a final case study applying derived design principles in an architectural design competition. Evans, (1981) cites research by others such as Ruys and, Sommer, in which view to the outside has been, shown to be as important as sun and daylight, to the occupants of buildings. The authors point, out that The New Zealand Building Code is quite, unequivocal on the issue, in stating its objective, “... to safeguard people from illness or loss of, amenity due to isolation from natural light and, the outside environment” (NZBC, 2004:Approved, The authors also point out, however, that this, is limited to habitable spaces, and does not, include the majority of workplaces. It is this change that gears them towards making more sustainability-oriented consumption choices in the future. The second volume consists of eight chapters are divided into two parts, "Daylight Simulations" and "Dynamic Facades." See more ideas about architecture, daylight, light architecture. The literature encompasses qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of lighting in a museum. The first phase of the research presents the open-source program to generate a tree crown model that mimics the distribution of the measured leaves and gaps of a tree. Nevertheless, both aspects are studied nowadays separately, so this research proposes an integrated study. This novel computational approach can be seen as a first step towards human-centric lighting application, simulating an occupant’s light consumption to evaluate non-visual health potential that can support decision-making in the built environment. very first introduction to the most recent. The thesis can be downloaded at http://vbn.aau.dk/files/240986648/PHD_Line_Roeseth_Karlsen_E_pdf.pdf. Photo of the south façade of the Cube and section and plan view of the experimental room and placement of sensors in the experimental room. Initially, office workers in eight different buildings in the Netherlands were questioned on the quality of their workplace concerning the office, the lighting and the view. No one product fits all circumstances. The magazine started in 2005 and has been published three times per year since then. The most important observation for qualitative design research is that the first step to improving energy performance must be taken with the architect’s first sketch on paper. rmly within the arena of the psychologist. The sky model blends and the Perez All-weather model are shown to perform comparably well. Here the thesis presents a new concept, the unhealthiness factor of glass. These novel photoreceptors, in addition being photoreceptors themselves, receive inputs from the classical photoreceptors (rods and cones) that in return affect the overall spectral sensitivity of the non-visual system as it changes with lighting conditions. The parameters are: the structure of nature, the city and the landscape, both in terms of geometry and interrelationships and in terms of opportunities and limitations with regard to light, shade, sun and wind. Results of the field study showed that hourly light exposure was significantly related to feelings of vitality, indicating that persons who had been exposed to more light felt more energetic immediately afterwards. Great architects, including, the designers of the Parthenon, the craftsmen, of the Gothic cathedrals, and indeed certain, twentieth-century architects, have understood, the impact of natural light and its importance, for putting human beings in touch with their, It is no coincidence, therefore, that natural, light has always played a key role in the design, of certain building types, in particular where. In addition, we investigated preferred light intensity as a function of alertness, vitality and performance, to explore whether persons would prefer a higher illuminance level, i.e., seek more light, when they felt mentally fatigued and depleted than when feeling more alert and vital. However, despite the now widespread use of CBDM, the findings of this thesis showed that the accurate representation of direct sunlight still poses significant challenges for current simulation tools, due to its high intensity, variability and directionality. The controller system keeps the discomfort glare below the predefined limit and reduces the cooling demand, while sufficient daylight can still enter the office room. Thereby the thesis restores the importance of the geographical orientation, that is, the aspect of morning sun, evening sun, summer sun and winter sun and the fundamental importance of light for temporality, place and body. The structure, is a design in light. The analysis method includes a rating system for view quality. In Paper II, climate-based daylight simulations of the urban structure were introduced. Preference ratings are important in view of the adaptive function of preferences, guiding humans toward healthy -and away from unhealthy- environments. He believes that, establishing the needs, per se, of people, falls, and that the architect’s role is to provide the, environment necessary to meet these needs. And does Nordic architecture in fact relate specifically to the Nordic light? In 1992, however, the New. However, this research finds that, in relation to sustainable consumption, that there are further nuances. The accuracy of the illuminance predictions is shown to be, in the main, comparable with the accuracy of the model input data. running and maintenance costs for buildings, and the health and wellbeing of the building’s, occupants, to the more aesthetic and poetic, aspects of architecture, such as those espoused, by Le Corbusier, Louis I Khan, and a few other, architects. But there is a pressing need for more extensive change – we need to learn how to build again and build more sustainably. Daylight & deep architectural, space (Master of Architecture dissertation, Victoria. Development of a simple framework to evaluate the daylight conditions in urban buildings in the early stages of design. and psychological wellbeing” (Hughes 1983). Because the test is carried out in a virtual environment, the architecture can be systematically varied. the engineer’s expertise into design solutions. A comprehensive explanation of the architectural design potential of daylight is presented. Along those lines, Lam (1992:10), sun) the difference between great architecture, Archnet-IJAR, International Journal of Architectural Research - Volume 3 - Issue 2 - July 2009, and mere building could be measured to a large, degree by the skill with which that source was, used. While some of these considerations, like visual discomfort, are both quantitative in prediction method and qualitative in subjective evaluation, there are few quantitative measurements developed to predict the positive perceptual impacts of light on human perception. As with many issues in architectural, design, the primary aim must be to meet the, considering what these needs may be, Evans, (1981) believes there is failure, on the part of, both architect and building owner, to examine, design stage. The results show therefore no evidence of an influence of the socio-environmental context of a subject on discomfort glare perception from daylight in office buildings. The prediction tool used for all the work described here is the Radiance lighting simulation system. The project is based on the Danish Regulation for light in hospitals (DS703), which is a supplement to the regulation of artificial lighting in workplaces (DS700). The new daylight feature utilises the Radiance engine and the climate-based three-phase method, which arranges for daylight calculations to be conducted based on the same underlying boundary conditions as used in thermal comfort and energy calculations. Thestreetlowerlevel The minimum daylight level was calculated to be 2.5 per cent. With respect to daylight design it was suggested that static daylight calculations should be replaced by dynamic ones and that climate-based measures should be used in the evaluation of daylight supply and glare. The elusive challenge of daylighted buildings, Windows and People: A Literature Survey. In this context, a “Combined Dynamic Cascade Procedure- CDCP” framework is here defined to address all the DF impairments and to provide a holistic scheme to merge quantitative data –thanks to the CBDM metrics–with qualitative evaluation facts – inferred from POE investigation, carried out among building occupants. There are a number of, widely diverse reasons as to why this should be. Even more, it allows designing not only the building itself, but also the CFS, the artificial lighting and the control algorithms. 'Tadao AndoThis thesis book documents the process and procedure of a two-year study of how daylight can be manipulated by design to enhance and elevate the experiential qualities of sacred space and then applies those … New York: Cambridge University Press. The thesis can be downloaded here. One method through which this is achieved is by testing the ability of visual comfort analysis to resolve subjective occupant comfort. In practice we have interpreted this is, being through a living space only. A complete case study is then examined to prove the benefits of such a procedure. Two multi-spectral daylight rendering platforms are also compared for their visual, spectral and colorimetric representations of the equatorial light. Furthermore, the acceptance and satisfaction of the user regarding these strategies remains low. Jakob Strømann-Andersen, Henning Larsen Architects, successfully defended his PhD thesis titled ’Integrated Energy Design in Masterplanning’ at the Technical University of Denmark. changing the size and location of its openings. POWERED BY NATURE – The psychological benefits of natural views and daylight. For these reasons, the aim of this dissertation was twofold. The results confirmed the hypothesis of an increased tolerance to glare as the day progresses. view and access to daylight. Full thesis can be accessed here, under the Files. Memory and place : a renovation proposal for the Armory Hall, Zhi Feng. Up to now, research to the non-image forming effects of light had rendered convincing evidence for alerting and vitalizing effect of bright light exposure during persons’ biological night or on certain subgroups (such as persons suffering from seasonal affective disorder or dementia). The thesis emphasizes the importance of two factors, when we talk about light, architecture and health, namely the differences in light during the day and the clear, low-iron glass. Daylight enters a building via four primary mechanisms; Direct sunlight - Clear sky - Clouds (diffuse light) - Reflections from ground and nearby objects. In Northern European climates, visual discomfort is the most negative side effect from windows. The results from the two studies showed the effects of office lighting including different sky conditions and time‐of‐day changes on visual comfort and NIF functions. Regarding buildings, daylight enhances the aesthetics of a space and improves its energy efficiency. ALNUAIMI-THESIS.pdf ( 13.7 MB) Suwon Song, "Development of New Methodologies For Evaluating The Energy Performance of New Commercial Buildings", 2006. (MCW). Six percent of New York residents suffer, severe depression during winter, but as many. Research in daylight is therefore necessarily interdisciplinary, as it integrates physics, with the psychology of emotion, the bio-mechanics of perception, and the aesthetics of architectural design. On July 5th 2016, Bernt Meerbeek defended this thesis Cum Laude at the Eindhoven University of Technology. We try to achieve this by adding an ‘expressive interface’: the part of a system that provides information to the user about the internal state, intentions and actions of the system. In making the case for orientation, and the need for exterior views within buildings, he uses the analogy of a passenger on board, ship, and points out that the passenger is more, likely to suffer sea sickness below decks, than if, he or she has a view of the horizon, and that. Montage and theory of psychoanalysis, Tong Li . Lighting design should accommodate six human needs: visibility, activity, health & safety, mood and comfort, social contact and communication, aesthetic appreciation. area (Figure 4). According to this, it was concluded from the literature review that the assessment of the solar BSDFs of CFS, and the implementation of a methodology for performing integrated analysis are crucial steps in the process, and required simplification. The main hypothesis is that a hierarchy of scales related to energy optimization and environmental performance may be used to guide and support architectural design decisions in the earliest design stages. The aim of the work is to develop a Model for Enquiry of Sustainable Homes through exploration of built, in-use, sustainable homes; three Model Home 2020 houses (LichtAktiv Haus, Sunlighthouse and Maison Air et Lumiére) and families living in them. By looking at the development process, the evaluation methods are generally upgraded over time as the indexes are modified in accordance with the introduction of new technology. Many façade solutions are intended to increase the amount of daylight penetrating the room and creating a glare free environment at the same time. Therefore, we did not guide the valence of associations with daylight versus electric light. Not least of all, this has involved revisiting basic elements like light exposure, air exchange, and indoor human health (see for example the Circadian House Report). Then explorative studies seek to investigate unknown or tacit knowledge on how light is used in a Danish context, preferences for light in different situations and investigating the hospital ward as frame for a lighting concept. Light and shadow determine, the spatial qualities of a space … light can. Furthermore, there is a comprehensive interaction between the stress system and the immune system. The results also demonstrated that some of the annual daylight metrics commonly required in building guidelines are sensitive to the choice of simulation tool, as well as other input parameters, such as climate data, orientation and material optical properties. Future sustainable buildings are not merely optimized mechanical constructions with intelligent adjustment systems but houses that imply and require quality in their environments to support and embrace life displayed in and around them. The research showed that it made very little difference to the simulation outcome if different weather data files were applied for a given location. pro-active approach be taken by architects, and that the ‘seat of the pants’ approach, expertise.“Lighting and glare, acoustics and, noise, etc, ... are all matters to be studied by a, new kind of specialist, although the application, of the results of all these experimental studies. Secondly, two experimental studies were performed with human subjects, aiming to test the acute effects of light on visual comfort variables, subjective alertness, mood and well‐being. The four key aspects are: “Light”, “Space”, “Users” and “Time”. Lastly, the novel device was also used during one of the studies to monitor the impacts of luminous distribution over time and under various lighting conditions. An overview of the features and capabilities of the Radiance system is presented. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Of. As for the measurement of discomfort glare, indexes such as PGSV and DGP had been introduced to control the real-time automated blind control system in response to signals from sensors and the image analysis technology. The objective of this thesis is to provide a decision tool to evaluate the daylighting potential of a space considering also its thermal component in order to balance the presence of daylight illuminances and solar heat gains to provide enough daylight for visual tasks avoiding situations of discomfort, such as glare or overheating. These effects of light are transmitted via a novel class of photoreceptors in the mammalian retina, which was discovered only a decade ago. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. In particular, façade and daylight patterns consistently influenced the spatial experience, such as how pleasant, interesting, exciting, calming, and complex the space was perceived. This information is of particular benefit to building design practitioners, lighting engineers, product manufacturers, building owners, and property managers. Although day lighting and architectural design have been studied for a long, This paper studies the characteristics of indexes and criteria related to the daylighting evaluation which is applied to architectural design in Japan. Hopkinson, R. G. (1963). (1986). His interest in the subject matter for his masters, thesis, ‘core-daylighting’ (systems and methods for, bringing natural light into deep architectural space, where conventional methods such as windows, and skylights cannot readily be used), was sparked, during the early 1980s whilst working as architect for, the redevelopment of New Zealand’s Scott Base in, Antarctica. light tells us about the weather, the time of day, Ander, G. (1995). The potential effects include changes. Climate-Based Daylight Modelling (CBDM) can be defined as the assessment of the luminous conditions within the built environment that makes use of representative climate data to recreate realistic sky luminance distributions, at hourly or sub-hourly consecutive steps, by means of physically accurate lighting simulation tools. The original intentions are described and subsequently evaluated with contemporary eyes based on the knowledge obtained about light and health. The focus was on preference and associative pathways. In order to harvest the benefits of daylight, visual discomfort has to be minimized. simple devices such as skylights and light shelves, through to more complex computerised sun-. Research efforts in discomfort glare perception from daylight should therefore aim at improving prediction models by looking at other potential factors, such as physiological and environmental ones. Regrettably, to date, few studies assert that such images replicate the visual appearance perceived in actual daylit environments. Thanks to imaging technologies continuously in development to improve the “realism” of these images, pictures can nowadays be presented in various ways. But as soon as a planning process comes to the point to quantify the glare freeness of a solution, the question of suitable glare measure arises. A first series of experiments investigated possible underlying psychological pathways. The tool is able to illustrate how performance-decisive parameters, and combinations of parameters, affects energy performance, thermal indoor environment, air quality and daylight conditions on room level. The kick-off to the project was reading the DS703, second paragraph, chapter 2 about general requirements for lighting. We, should also recognise that a few contemporary, architects (such as Steven Holl, and Lord, Norman Foster), have taken up the reins, and, continue to work within the principle that “…, light inspires us and can enliven space. In the workplace, we have focused on automated blinds systems. First, we wanted to test whether daylight and natural environments share underlying psychological mechanisms. Daylight metrics derived from CBDM now appear in building guidelines, and CBDM evaluations are becoming widespread in design practices since they have proven to be a powerful tool to extract a wealth of information on the daylighting annual performance of buildings. I compose with light.” And adding Khan’s quote, that “… a room is not a room without natural, light. Building design and human, performance. The influence of discomfort glare is often underestimated in daylighting design and in the use of buildings. To integrate perceptual, aesthetic, and emotional considerations into lighting performance evaluation, the aim of this thesis is to determine whether objective, quantifiable characteristics of luminous composition within an architectural scene can be linked to subjective evaluations of visual interest (like contrast, excitement, pleasantness, etc) and whether these characteristics are sensitive to temporal dynamics. At the same time, the inter-model comparison performed to compare the existing simulation techniques revealed significant differences in the way the sky and the sun are recreated in each technique. These early decisions concern the work of architects involved in the initial design phase. Through a pair of experiments designed to induce visual effects and record subjective responses – an online survey using 2D renderings and an immersive 3D study done in Virtual Reality -, this doctoral thesis introduces a method for predicting those perceptual responses using image-based algorithms and a proportional odds model. Discussion paper. The main focus of this doctoral thesis is on visual comfort assessment at workplaces. The research finds a reciprocal relationship between commensuration (conversion of qualities into comparable quantities, see Espeland & Stevens, 1998 and 2008) processes and legitimacy building – both among other professionals internationally and locally in the context of the projects. However, the theory that the artificial environment that is constituted by architecture can influences physiological reactions such as stress reactions through their design is strengthened. The vision of creating balance between the consumption and production of energy in our build environment has created ambitious energy targets and requirements in the building regulations, which has accelerated the development of new energy optimized technologies and components. In an era of pressure for technologies that can decide for or replace the actions of people (McIntyre-Mills, 2013), building systems can manage entire households – from running grocery lists and scheduling exercise to adjusting electricity usage and changing temperature. , Barrett, 2003 ) which examined the, lost art ’ of using natural on. Assess daylighting potential of light including Non-Image Forming effects on visual comfort including NIF effects of nature been. Interfered with the Nordic light facilitate reassurance and safety make life easier, but many... Structure used weather and occupancy data further information at http: //infoscience.epfl.ch/record/190815, natural light sometimes... 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