The book was presented to the Prime Minister by the scientists of Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE). This resulted in the invasion of P. juliflora in good soil. The age group ranged from 35 to 92 years, with the average age being 64, and most respondents had lived around the animal herds all these years. Maldharis are cattle breeders and are generally identified as being well-built with tall physiques. Insights has redefined the way preparation is done in UPSC civil service exam. This problem as sensed by the stakeholders needs proper control, with even the imposition of a ban being seen as a solution. The Maldharis have lived in the Gir National Park, in the Banni Grasslands Reserve area, for the past thousand years. This is a very common phenomenon throughout the district (Mahajan et al. Watch Queue Queue. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file ... grasslands and mangroves. In spite of its significance, the Banni grassland is facing severe degradation and gradually losing its capacity to sustain human and livestock population. Banni grassland. Drought: Kachchh falling within the arid area faces frequent droughts, which influences the biomass production and leads to a resource crunch. While the area is known for its scarce rainfall and semi-drought conditions, it is for the first time in 13 years that the Maldharis, the nomadic natives of Banni , are leaving their villages as water gets scarce. water scarcity. Current Affair 2020 Answers. The introduction of Prosopis juliflora by the Gujarat State Forest Department in the northern fringes of Banni to check the ingression of salinity from the Rann into the Banni and other fertile lands of Kachchh has over time converted the grassland into woodland. Gujarat - Near Rann of Kutch 4 What is the land of Banni formed of ? These structures harvest rainwater. Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot. establish a Great- Nicobar- Andaman and Nicobar Island, Agasthyamala - (Western Ghat) Kerala & Tamilnadu. 2: IRS LISS III Satellite Imagery of Banni Grasslands (October, 2010). ‘Lost and forgotten: Grasslands and pastoralists of Gujarat,’ paper presented in the ‘Proc. 85648. 2006). Within society, the maldharis are traditional dairymen, supplying essential commodities like butter, ghee, milk, wool and manure to urban towns and villages. Banni grassland—once referred to as Asia’s finest grassland—accounts for approximately 45 per cent of the permanent pastures and 10 per cent of the grazing ground available in the state of Gujarat (Parikh and Reddy 1997). The rebellious sands are subdued and the inhospitable soils are colonized. Overall, 90.48 per cent of the respondents had identified the P. juliflora invasion as the major cause of degradation. Now settled, they persist in using virdas. Examination. The region is believed to have been formed due to seismic activities and marine processes operating in the north along with fluvial deposition by the Indus and other rivers during the Vedic period. GAU. Banni Grasslands Reserve: I forms a belt of arid grassland ecosystem on the outer southern edge of the desert of the marshy salt flats of Rann of Kutch in Kutch District, Gujarat The Chari-Dhand wetland conservation reserve: It is located on the edge of arid Banni grasslands and the marshy salt flats of the Rann of Kutch in Kutch District, Gujarat State in India This situation predominantly affected the soil moisture and led to grassland degradation (GUIDE 1998). ‘Prosopis juliflora, the Precocious Child of the Plant World,’ Indian Forester 104.1:14–18. Many of the villages surrounding Chhari Dhand send their cattle to spend a few months near the lake and men from the villages camp out around. In ecology every factor is crucially interlinked with another. All of these species are legally protected under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. OGP InstaClasses- Classroom Program - 2021 (Online) OGP InstaClasses - Classroom Program - 2021 (Offline - Bangalore) Integrated Prelims cum Mains (IPM) Program - 2021; Year-Long Mains Test Series - 2021 ; INSTA Prelims Test Series Program - 2021; Prelims Thematic Test Series (June -2020 to … Monkey Pox Virus (10:44) 3. May 2016 PDF-Content. June 2016. "Durand Cup is a prestigious football tournament conducted in the country. swamp deer other than the one-horned rhino. The Banni Grasslands, located in Kutch, Gujarat, supports the traditional graziers of this region. This needs to be accompanied by eradication of woody invaders from at least a small portion every year and controlling re-invasion of the reclaimed area by bringing the reclaimed area under joint management  of  communities  and  the Forest  Department. Periodic droughts and low, erratic rainfall makes for even more inconducive conditions. 2009). The Banni grassland ecosystem—on the southern edge of the Great Rann—is a major grazing land for maldharis. Varying estimates put their population at anywhere between 25 to 40 lakh. junction of India (Sikkim), bordering Nepal to the west and Tibet (China) to 2. एवं संस्कृति (Indian Art & Culture), डाउनलोड ध्येय IAS परफेक्ट - 7 साप्ताहिक पत्रिका, Brain Boosters for UPSC & State PCS About 22.31 per cent of the human population in Banni is directly involved in livestock rearing and allied activities (Census 1991). Therefore, Amul has flourished in historically non-pastoral, non-arid and well-irrigated regions of Gujarat. WWW.DHYEYAIAS.COM Address: 635, Ground Floor, Main Road, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi 110009 Phone: 011-49274400 KHANGCHENDZONGA BIOSPHERE RESERVE Why in news? 1992. These grasslands are encompassed by the Andes Mountains, Guiana Highlands and the famous Amazon River. Recently, Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve was included in the UNESCO’s World Network of … The perception of the stakeholders clearly showed that drought is one of the main factors that has led to degradation of grasslands in Kachchh. The grasslands (Horn et al. The Grass Cover of India. TAMIL CURRENT AFFAIRS. Despite tough survival conditions, Banni buffaloes are the most productive cattle in India and have recently been recognized by the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources as the 11th distinct breed of the nation (NBAGR, Haryana). They are systems built by the nomadic Maldharis, who used to roam these grasslands. The Birds of Banni Grassland is book based on environment and consists of a compilation of the research work, relating to more than 250 species of birds found in the Banni area of Kutch, Gujarat. The Banni grassland of Gujarat (near Rann of Kutch) is the largest natural grassland in the Indian subcontinent known for its scarce rainfall and semi-drought conditions. Banni grassland reserve is also located in the Kutch district of Gujarat. May 2016 PDF. Though the Banni grassland was declared as a Protected Forest more than half a century ago, Gujarat state's forest department has only recently proposed a special plan to restore and manage this ecosystem in a more efficient way. The grasslands of Kachchh were demarcated into two important grassland regions, one of which forms the Banni grasslands, extending to a total of 2, 59,672.80 ha, covering 27.06 per cent of the total area of Kachchh. Study Upsc using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. 85705. in the desert ecosystems of India. They also provide fodder for a large population of livestock. Chhari Dhand ‘Chhari’ means salt affected and ‘dhand’ means shallow wetland. The local Sindhi community called the Banni grasslands Peera jo paat or the ‘land of the saints’. Nomadic tribes (Maldhari) are leaving their villages in Banni region due to water scarcity. Sahapedia® is a registered trademark of Sahapedia, a non-profit organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. safeguard natural and managed ecosystems. Dabadghao and Shankarnarayan. About Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology (GUIDE) The GUIDE is located at Bhuj. For Prelims: POCSO Act provisions. the of the KBR, was inscribed as India’s first ‘Mixed World Heritage Site’in Most animal husbandry schemes in the post-Independence era promoted the Amul pattern of dairy development, which is linked to sedentary livestock-keeping and assured milk supplies. Respondent’s information: Of the 56 respondents, 50 were Muslims and only six were Hindus; the majority (30.77 per cent) belonged to the tribal Muslim Jat community residing across eight villages. The soil too is highly saline and the arid climatic conditions do not sustain agriculture. Grasslands provide crucial grazing land and pastures for domestic and migrated livestock. It is an Intergovernmental Scientific Programme that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments. ‘Hardwick’s spiny-tailed lizard (Uromastyx hardwickii, Gray 1827) preyed on by Indian sand boa (Eryx johnii, Russell 1801),’ Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 105.3:343–44. It combines the natural and social sciences, economics and education to Even while some of them managed to move to urban centres or explore alternative livelihood options, many more have been forced to undertake long migrations or become casual labourers. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Aqua Regia? Sastry, K.L.N., P.S. About 150 species of migratory and resident birds are found here along with a rich diversity of herpetofauna and other invertebrates. A total of 30.29 per cent of the respondents attributed this as a reason for degradation. They collect the fuel in their leisure and sell in towns for a decent price. The least response was from Cluster III with only 34.26 per cent respondents stating this as a problem of high severity (Table 1). Banni Grasslands are known for rich wildlife,biodiversity and supports numerous animal genetic resources like Banni buffalo, Kankrej Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Camel and horse. The  pastoral  community’s  willingness  and interest in grassland regeneration has been demonstrated by the success of small-scale pilot projects in Banni. 4) Anupam Varma Committee , which is in news recently, related to which of the following? In this region three types of grassland were identified totaling 70,259.55 ha, comprising 13.84 per cent of the grasslands of Kachchh. In the 1960s, the government wanted to protect this region from salinity ingress from the Rann of Kutch. Minimum response 56.24 per cent (with high severity) was recorded from Region II (Table 1). 85051. The Banni Grasslands and Chhari-Dhand form one of the most important bird Grass may be used for building homes and furniture (walls, thatch, matting, brooms), lawns, sports fields and as components of some cosmetics and medicines. Seeds would spread with the dung of livestock which fed on the pods of tree, and invaded low saline areas of Banni. Wild Bird Trust presents the Top 25 Migratory Wild Birds. These plantations are being undertaken by the Gujarat State Forest Department (GSFD) and Gujarat Energy Development Agency (GEDA) as a form of energy resource developmen, which is usually done in the grasslands, gauchar (grassland for cattle) and other Common Property Land Resources in the villages. In Gujarat, the total geographical area is 1, 96,024 sq km, of which the grasslands extend to 8,490 sq km (4.33 per cent). Approximately 40% of the world’s birds migrate, which means there a lot of birds on the move! It is essential to recognize the ecological, economic and sociological role of the Banni grassland and conserve it for the future generations. This video is unavailable. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Among the regions and clusters, Cluster III showed 88.89 per cent of respondents stating that drought is the reason for degradation of grasslands followed by Region I (high severity 87.94 per cent), Cluster II (84.75 per cent), Cluster IV (78.73 per cent) and Cluster I (70.73 per cent). News 3: PM releases a book titled “The Birds of Banni Grassland” Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a book titled “The Birds of Banni Grassland” in New Delhi. These virtues of Banni have always attracted scientists, sociologists, naturalists and tourists. 2003) face decline in productivity and quality due to drought. At the region and cluster level, it seems to be a problem in Region II (42.25 per cent), Cluster IV (40.42 per cent), Cluster I (34.15 per cent), Cluster II (33.59 per cent) and Cluster III (29.63 per cent). In fact, the situation presents a unique opportunity to reclaim the grassland ecosystem while reaping enormous economic benefits. In News: Indians sent more money out of the country than ever before in July 2019 under the liberalised remittance scheme (LRS), in a development that comes even as the government looks to attract foreign direct and portfolio investment. Prior to the invasion of Prosopis juliflora, people used to sustain themselves only from a Livestock Based Income (LBI), but now there are many livelihood and economic options generated through the P. juliflora and their income has increased manifold from Non-Livestock Based Income (NLBI). August 2016 PDF-Content. POCSO Act What to study? Fig. After driving around the Banni grasslands, it offers a decent place to eat lunch and avoid the heat of mid-day. Labels. MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. grassland Farm Management Notes for Asia and the Far East 5. Under the programme, UNESCO has established the World Network of Biosphere Reserves … 1957. Llanos has two distinguishable areas of grasslands: areas that are considerably wet due to seasonal flooding and some relatively drier portions. The word ‘Banni’ is derived from ‘Bannai’ from the Kachchhi language, which translates to ‘Banni hui’ or ‘made up’, signifying the land has been formed by detritus. 2009. Aspirants preparing for UPSC, SSC, IAS, Banking, Defence, Railway & other government & competitive exams can read daily current affairs 2020 updates here. The book contains short descriptions and photographs of all the recorded bird species of Banni Grassland for researchers, academicians, birdwatchers, The total grasslands amounted to 12,233.50 ha, which is 2.41 per cent of the grassland of Kachchh (Grassland Chapter 2009). The least percentage of response where the severity level was high was from Region II (56.41 per cent) and Cluster I (56.10 per cent) (Table 1). buffalo, and There are 471 non-reserved vidis in Saurashtra and Kachchh, covering an area of 57,602 ha. For over 15 years it has been studying the plant, bird and marine life in the Rann of Kutch. The marsh can be accessed from the village of Kharaghoda in Surendranagar District. Among the three regions of Banni the census record between 1981 to 1991 highlights that in western Banni the human population decreased from 6,809 to 4,149 and livestock from 20,718 to 7,333. 35–39. 85282. A nEw Thoughts (5) A Thing (3) Actors portfolio (1) GK HUB OF AiMS-A better way to win (52) It's Own.. (2) Thursday, January 5, 2012. Regional Office Bangkok. 85021. First Annual Technical Report by Gujarat Institute of Desert Ecology, Bhuj. The groundwater table is very low and excessively saline. Prosopis posed a natural threat to the endemic flora and fauna due to its high invasive abilities. Other than the Banni and Naliya grasslands, there are three types of grassland: Type One comprises of the grasslands on the hilly undulating area of Bhuj, Mandvi, Anjar and Mundra, spread over an area of 4,73,284.80 ha, which is 20.5 per cent of the total area of Kachchh mainland; Type Two includes the grasslands on the hilly undulating areas of Bhachau and Rapar occupying 4,35,427 ha (22.3 per cent) of the total area of Kachchh mainland; while the third important region includes the grasslands of the coastal areas of Lakhpat, Abdasa, Mandvi, Mundra, Anjar and Bhachau talukas, spreading over an area of 4,10,303.70 ha, and forming 15.46 per cent of the total area of Kachchh (Grassland Chapter 2009). This is apparent from the peoples’ response at Kachchh level 81.34 per cent of the respondents stating that this has influenced degradation of the grasslands. The land use system of Banni is classified into five major types: grassland or grazing land, cultivated encroachment area, settlement or village area, wetland and saline land. This factor, from the stakeholders’ viewpoint emerged as an important reason for the degradation of grassland in terms of forage quality. Many of the villages surrounding Chhari Dhand send their cattle to spend a few months near the lake and men from the villages camp out around. Staying up-to-date with current affairs 2020 is absolutely essential for anybody looking to take competitive exams this year. Question Bank. Among the regions and clusters, in Cluster I, 41.46 per cent of the respondents had stated this as a reason for degradation, followed by Region I (41.21 per cent), Cluster II (40.67 per cent), Cluster III (39.81 per cent) and Cluster IV (34.05 per cent). 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