The latest available data for 2014 estimate the number of persons in poverty at 420,388 (20.6% of the population).[58]. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate. Many of the federal jobs relate to the military; the state hosts three air force bases (Kirtland Air Force Base, Holloman Air Force Base, and Cannon Air Force Base); a testing range (White Sands Missile Range); and an army proving ground (Fort Bliss's McGregor Range). Other areas of geographical and scenic interest include Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument and the Gila Wilderness in the southwest of the state. Albuquerque is the home town of actress Ethel Mertz, famous for her role in “ I Love Lucy.” 12. Key Difference: Mexico is officially known as the United Mexican States, or Estados Unidos Mexicanos in Spanish. A three-judge panel overturned as unconstitutional New Mexico's provisions that Indians who did not pay taxes (and could not document if they had paid taxes) could not vote. The latest videos from KRQE News 13 Albuquerque - Santa Fe Former New Mexico legislator known for wise, calm demeanor has died Toggle header content New Mexico's latitude and low passes made it an attractive east–west transportation corridor. (Only its conventional "trigger" detonated.)[55][56]. The current This stuff is New Mexico’s penicillin—and ultimate comfort food. Within the hierarchy of the Catholic Church, New Mexico belongs to the Ecclesiastical Province of Santa Fe. firm sues state over Railrunner name", "Stations—New Mexico Rail Runner Express", "Delays, struck cow mark Rail Runner's first day, but riders optimistic", "New Mexico Rail Runner Express weekday schedule", "Media and politicians enjoy inaugural ride, public opening met with delays", "Virgin Galactic Preps for Liftoff at World's First Commercial Spaceport", "NM Spaceport, Virgin Galactic sign 20-year lease", "First Commercial Spaceport Gets Green Light", "News Release 03.04.2008 / Spaceport Sweden and Virgin Galactic", "NM Secretary of State's Office official web site", "NM Attorney General's Office official web site", "NM State Auditor's Office official web site", "NM State Treasurer's Office official web site", "New Mexico Presidential Election Voting History", "These Are The States With The Best And Worst School Systems, According To New Rankings", "Martinez v. New Mexico, consolidated with Yazzie v. New Mexico", "Data | Bureau of Business and Economic Research UNM", "County Data | Bureau of Business and Economic Research UNM", "A Comparison of States' Lottery Scholarship Programs", "Falling lottery sales pinch college scholarships in 8 states—The Boston Globe", "NM lottery scholarships to get big increase", "Legislative Lottery Scholarship Program", "Changes made in lottery scholarship system", "The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2000", "African American Performing Arts Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico", "Las Cruces Convention and Visitors Bureau", "A & E will film the new series 'Longmire', starring Katee Sackhoff & Lou Diamond Phillips, in New Mexico this spring", "Ten Years Later, Albuquerque Is Still Breaking Bad's Town", "The N.R.A. Another transcontinental railroad was completed by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. New Mexico is also bordered by the state of Texas to the east-southeast, Oklahoma to the northeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. In 1861, the Confederacy claimed the southern tract as its own Arizona Territory and waged the ambitious New Mexico Campaign in an attempt to control the American Southwest and open up access to Union California. [49], A major oil discovery in 1928 brought wealth to the state, especially Lea County and the town of Hobbs. It covered 100% of tuition when it was first instated in 1996,[174] decreased to 90%, then dropped to 60% in 2017. The builders of the ruins at Chaco Canyon also created a radiating network of roads from the mysterious settlement. Other constitutional officers, all of whose terms also expire in January 2023, include Secretary of State Maggie Toulouse Oliver (D),[155] Attorney General Hector Balderas (D),[156] State Auditor Brian Colón (D),[157] State Land Commissioner Stephanie Garcia Richard (D),[158] and State Treasurer Tim Eichenberg (D).[159]. In Arizona and New Mexico, veterans challenged state laws or practices prohibiting them from voting. With these 44 facts about New Mexico, let us learn about its The Atomic Bomb. of the Universe. those privileges and advantages, religious as well as civil, which are so richly enjoyed in this favored land. Due to its large area and economic climate, New Mexico has a large U.S. military presence marked notably with the White Sands Missile Range. New Mexico currently has 15 United States Highways. It was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. That’s not as simple a question as it sounds. There is also the Festival Flamenco Internacional de Alburquerque held each year in which native Spanish and New Mexican flamenco dancers perform at the University of New Mexico. Turquoise, pottery, and salt were some of the goods transported south along the Rio Grande. [59], As of May 1, 2010, 7.5% of New Mexico's population was reported as under 5 years of age, 25% under 18, and 13% were 65 or older. Policy concerning the issuance of marriage licenses to same-sex couples was determined at the county level; that is, some county clerks issued marriage licenses to same-sex couples while others did not. Among U.S. states, New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanic ancestry, at 47% (as of July 1, 2012). Many New Mexicans speak a unique dialect of Spanish. to be dug out by traditional methods. [152] Virgin Galactic, a space tourism company, plans to make this their primary operating base. Many examples of this work can be seen at the Deming Luna Mimbres Museum[176] and at the Western New Mexico University Museum.[177]. They speak New Mexican Spanish or English at home. The state's three United States House of Representatives members are Democrat Deb Haaland, Republican Yvette Herrell, and Democrat Teresa Leger Fernandez representing the first, second, and third districts respectively. [96] During the late-2000s recession, New Mexico's unemployment rate peaked at 8.0% for the period June–October 2010. Like Tequila, Mexico is known for being the home of the best tasting Margaritas in the world. The United States Congress admitted New Mexico as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. Grants, New Mexico is known as the "Uranium capital of the world," having produced the bulk of the nation's When the Louisiana Territory was admitted as a state in 1812, the U.S. reclassified it as part of the Missouri Territory. Because of this, its film industry has grown and contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy. First published in Due to its relatively low population, in combination with numerous federally funded research facilities, New Mexico had the highest concentration of PhD holders of any state in 2000. Collegiate athletics in New Mexico involve various New Mexico Lobos and New Mexico State Aggies teams in many sports. own weight. The Sunset Limited makes stops three times a week in both directions at Lordsburg, and Deming, serving Los Angeles, New Orleans and intermediate points. If the art scene is what you’re checking out, New Mexico and art (in all its forms) are natural partners. [136]:95–96[137] These first railroads were built as long-distance corridors, later railroad construction also targeted resource extraction. [37]:37 Oñate extended El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, Royal Road of the Interior, by 700 miles (1,100 km) from Santa Bárbara, Chihuahua, to his remote colony. New Mexico: New Mexico is a state in the southwestern United States. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona. The 37°N parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. [34], In January 2016, New Mexico sued the United States Environmental Protection Agency over negligence after the 2015 Gold King Mine waste water spill. New Mexico is your next stop—which means you’re in for some new and exciting adventures! The Roswell Incident. ", "Life's most persistent and urgent question is, 'What are you doing for others? Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, and the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion (after Alaska). [117] New Mexico is one of the largest tax havens in the US, offering numerous economic incentives and tax breaks on personal and corporate income. [citation needed]. The scholarship is available to residents who graduated from a state high school, and attend a state university full-time while maintaining a 2.5 GPA or higher. [27][28], New Mexico has five unique floristic zones, providing diverse sets of habitats for many plants and animals. of civil government with the principles of Christianity. [174], Zimmerman Library at The University of New Mexico, Zuhl Library at New Mexico State University, Walkway outside Golden Library at Eastern New Mexico University, Donnelly Library at New Mexico Highlands University, With a Native American population of 134,000 in 1990,[175] New Mexico ranks as an important center of Native American culture. The governor is Michelle Lujan Grisham (D), who succeeded Susana Martinez (R) on January 1, 2019 after she served two terms as governor from 2011 to 2019. With the rise of rail transportation many settlements grew or were founded and the territory became a tourist destination. What is Carlsbad NM known for April 26, 2020 whereismap 0 Comments What county is Carlsbad in? Mexico means 'place where Mexitli lives." In 1821, Mexico gained its independence from Spain, and New Mexico came under Mexican control. Energy Information Administration (EIA)", "US soon to leapfrog Saudis, Russia as top oil producer", "The United States is now the largest global crude oil producer—Today in Energy—U.S. The town was named after James Hobbs, a homesteader there in 1907. Upham, near Truth or Consequences, is the location of the world's first operational and purpose-built commercial spaceport, Spaceport America. Veterans were disappointed to return and find their civil rights limited by state discrimination. [121] As of July 1, 2013 the combined tax rate ranged from 5.125% to 8.6875%. It's 4,600 [98] The Permian and San Juan Basins, which are located partly in New Mexico, account for some of these natural resources. [14] The Spaniards had hoped to find wealthy indigenous Mexica (Aztec) cultures there similar to those of the Aztec (Mexica) Empire of the Valley of Mexico. We have reviews of the best places to see in New Mexico. Inscription Rock, also known as El Morro, is a great monolith of sandstone, southwest of Grants, on which everyone This is — after all — the land of wine and chile, of ski slopes and sand dunes, of Indigenous tradition and cowboy culture. from Indians and conquistadors to missionaries and outlaws have carved their names. ", "Your net worth to the world is usually determined by what remains after your bad habits are subtracted from your Religion in New Mexico: 77% Christian (41% Catholic, 35% Protestant), 19% No Religion, 4% LDS, 1% Other Religions. Passenger train service once connected nine of New Mexico's present ten most populous cities (the exception is Rio Rancho), while today passenger train service connects two: Albuquerque and Santa Fe. population of Oryx is now estimated at 1,700. Lovers of this cocktail enjoy it frozen, salt-rimmed or straight up. From prehistoric attractions to natural amenities, the Land of Enchantment, as the southwestern state of New Mexico is known, offers travel experiences found no where else in the world. The University of New Mexico (UNM; Spanish: Universidad de Nuevo México) is a public research university in Albuquerque, New Mexico.Founded in 1889, UNM offers bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and professional degree programs. SANTA FE - A New Mexico legislator who was known for his advocacy in protecting people who are incapacitated and placed under legal guardianship has … As early as 1878, the ATSF promoted tourism in the region with emphasis on Native American imagery. Albuquerque's Northeast Heights have historically leaned Republican, but have become a key swing area for Democrats in recent election cycles. Mexico is known for its rich culture which includes its distinct food, clothing and arts. [dubious – discuss] New Mexico dropped its claims to the Permian in a bid to gain statehood in 1911. Hundreds of highly educated Scientists and Engineers It wanted to control lands needed for the right-of-way to encourage construction of a transcontinental railroad. Smokey Bear was invented in New Mexico after the Capitan Gap … ", "The first requisite of a good citizen in this republic of ours is that he shall be able and willing to pull his [134], There were 2,354 route miles of railroads in the year 2000; this number increased with the opening of the Rail Runner's extension to Santa Fe. Republicans have traditionally had their strongholds in the eastern and southern parts of the state, the Farmington area, Rio Rancho, and the newly developed areas in the Northwest mesa. New Mexico’s version of Mexican adobada is made for carnivores. This town is full of alien-themed shops, museums, and more, making it a fun destination for visitors. [100] However, the boom in hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling beginning in the mid-2010s led to a large increase in the production of crude oil from the Permian Basin and other U.S. sources; these developments allowed the United States to again become the world's largest producer of crude oil in 2018. In general, personal-use personal property is not subject to property taxation. The University of New Mexico Model United Nations, known as World Affairs Delegation or WAD, team is … New Mexico locals are known for many things. The New Mexican flag features the state's Spanish origins with the same scarlet and gold coloration as Spain's Cross of Burgundy, along with the ancient sun symbol of the Zia, a Puebloan tribe. The state’s capital is Santa Fe. In mexico drink mixology is a serious business. [82][84] In public education, the state has the constitutional obligation to provide bilingual education and Spanish-speaking instructors in school districts where the majority of students are Hispanophone. It runs in the same trace with I-10 and I-25. Turquoise is the stone of choice in New Mexico, the black-speckled or striped blue is popular among locals and tourists alike. The Palace of the Governors in Santa Fe is the oldest government building in the nation. The oldest towns in the United States—the 19 Native American pueblos of New Mexico. New Mexico's members of the United States Senate are Democrats Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján. US 666, The Devils Highway, was replaced by US 491 in 2003 because the number "666" is the "Number of the Beast". In 1848, the United States won the In 1853, the United States acquired the mostly desert southwestern bootheel of the state and southern Arizona south of the Gila River in the Gadsden Purchase. [118][119] It does not have inheritance tax, estate tax, or sales taxes. in 1930 to test rocket-ship models. [83], With regard to the judiciary, witnesses have the right to testify in either of the two languages, and monolingual speakers of Spanish have the same right to be considered for jury duty as do speakers of English. [105][106][107][108], Federal government spending is a major driver of the New Mexico economy. The world's first Atomic Bomb was detonated on July 16, 1945 on the White Sands Testing Range near Alamogordo. White Sands National Monument is a desert, not of sand, but of gleaming white gypsum crystals. Property tax deductions are available for military veterans and heads of household. [116][120], New Mexico imposes a Gross Receipts Tax (GRT) on many transactions, which may even include some governmental receipts. [17], With a total area of 121,590 square miles (314,900 km2),[1] New Mexico is the fifth-largest state. [135] In addition to local railroads and other tourist lines, the state jointly owns and operates a heritage narrow-gauge steam railroad, the Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railway, with the state of Colorado. [136][142][143] Resurrection of passenger rail service from Denver to El Paso, a route once plied in part by the ATSF's El Pasoan,[143]:37 has been proposed over the years. Spread throughout the state. [ 188 ] peaked at 8.0 % for the movie Hogs. On the White Sands testing Range near Alamogordo Basin has a Museum system affiliated with the Institution! ( 17.3 % of people with Ph.D.s than any other state. 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