These principles can guide and inform value-based and learner-centred decisions related to policies, practices and actions at every level of Alberta’s education system. Umesh Sharma, Professor of Inclusive Education and Educational Psychology. This paper reviews the literature on the effectiveness of inclusive education/mainstreaming. In order to analyse critically the significance of theories, principle and models of inclusive curriculum, in the designing and implementing of programs of study, one need the understanding of these two terms ‘Inclusive’ and ‘Curriculum’ before analyzing the designing and implementation of such specified curriculum. Related links Education Scotland - Embedding inclusion, equity and empowerment. By Tanenbaum|Center for Inter-religious Understanding. (2018). This workshop will look at current models of learning, teaching, assessment and curriculum design. recognises and meets the learning needs of all students. Stella Laletas, Lecturer, Teacher and Educational and Developmental Psychologist. A strength-based and personalised curriculum improves: This approach celebrates diversity and difference, and facilitates opportunities for personalised learning. It will focus on how these can be put into practice to develop effective and inclusive learning. For students and teachers, classrooms and communities, research shows that inclusive education works. Sustainable Development Goal 4 on Education and the Education 2030 Framework for Action emphasize inclusion and equity as laying the foundations for quality education.. To be ‘inclusive’ means inclusion, this has a broad definition… Diversity in schools is a given. They recognise each student has inherent strengths and talents. The purpose of the principles is to: ●promote equity, access, opportunity and the rights of children and students with disability in education and care ●contribute to reducing discrimination against children and students with disability Oxford UK: Oxford University Press. Making online assessment inclusive. They need to understand inclusive practices benefit all students, regardless if they have additional needs. There are 5 broad inclusive learning principles, below, which can apply to all areas of curriculum design and delivery. Do teachers have high expectations of learning, effort and engagement for all their students? All students have the right to receive a public education in the regular classroom. provides equitable learning opportunities. This Statement focuses on the principles of inclusive practice for students with disability, whilst recognising that improving inclusive practice benefits all students. It does not require teachers to become superhuman but it does require them to know about some of the most powerful evidence-based teaching strategies that engage learners across the board: A teacher with the heart, head and hands of an inclusive teacher will be effective for all learners, not just for those who need additional support. The Inclusive Curriculum framework is the institutional approach to building inclusivity from 'concept to review'. This diversity is something all teachers come across. It will focus on how these can be put into practice to develop effective and inclusive learning. Inclusive education experts look at the key elements of what defines a truly inclusive education. We must not forget that a teacher with all 3Hs need to be adequately supported by the school leadership team to use and sustain inclusive practices. Within the context of the Australian higher education sector, this chapter aims to draw together the principles of inclusive curriculum design and Universal Instructional Design (Silver, Bourke, & Strehorn, 1998) to provide lecturers and curriculum designers with concrete advice on how to design curricula that are both inclusive and accessible. The following 6 principles are key to achieving Alberta’s vision for an inclusive education system. An inclusive environment for learning anticipates the varied needs of learners and aims to ensure that all students have equal access to educational opportunities through inclusive design. Some of the principles include: Culturally responsive teaching is critical to the creation of student-centered learning environments. The Seven Principles for Inclusive Education, The Student-Centered Learning Research Collaborative, Youth Examine How to Improve Education for ESL/ELL Students, Students Examine How Ethnic Backgrounds Affect Relationships, How to teach curriculum to various students. Tom O’Toole, Leading Teacher and Year 9 Coordinator, Keysborough College. As Carl A. Cohn, EdD, executive director of the California Collaborative for Educational Excellence, points out, “It’s important … to realize that special education students are first and foremost general education students.” Principles of inclusive education. The issues are not just projected as being relevant to groups more commonly defined as disenfranchised, and translated into wider aims and targets for equality (Croucher and Romer, 2007). The framework was developed by Tanenbaum, an organization that works to combat religious discrimination and hate. In a truly inclusive setting, every child feels safe and has a sense of belonging. Inclusive education approaches differences and diversity affirmatively, recognizing the value of such differences and the learning opportunities that such diversity offers. Principle packages. Seeking the perspectives of students ensures they make a meaningful contribution to their schooling and educational experience. Authorised by: Chief Marketing Officer, Strategic Marketing and Communications. © 2021 KnowledgeWorks Foundation. Inclusive Education Our Constitution (Act 108 of 1996) founded our democratic state and common citizenship on the values of human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedoms (Section 1a). This optimises opportunities for both teachers and student learning. Educators can apply the framework to any classroom or lesson plan to increase equity and decrease exclusion. It sends a clear message that student engagement is important. Monash University is a registered higher education provider under the TEQSA Act 2011. Sustainable Development Goal 4 on Education and the Education 2030 Framework for Action emphasize inclusion and equity as laying the foundations for quality education.. Some of the principles include: How to prevent prejudice; How to teach curriculum to various students; Choosing inclusive materials; Culturally responsive teaching is critical to the creation of student-centered learning environments. When kids are found eligible for special education services, it’s common for their families to worry that they’ll be placed in a different classroom than other kids their age.But most kids who are eligible for special education spend the majority of their time in general education classrooms. Inclusive education values diversity and the unique contributions each student brings to the classroom. Every student is unique and every group of students is different. An inclusive curriculum is one where all students’ entitlement to access and participate in a course is anticipated, acknowledged and taken into account. The legislation re ects the principles of the United Nations Conventions on the rights of persons and children experiencing disability to an inclusive education. Information for Indigenous Australians. Learners have different experiences, cultures, beliefs and values. These principles can guide and inform value-based and learner-centred decisions related to policies, practices and actions at every level of Alberta’s education system. Anna Laktionova, Leading Teacher and Year 8 Coordinator, Keysborough College. In fair and equitable inclusive classrooms, the general curriculum must be accessible to all students, regardless of their challenges or learning styles. Preparing to teach in inclusive classrooms. View our latest COVID-19 updates. Teaching All Students Students learn in different ways. Ask students, as critical stakeholders, to identify indicators of what an inclusive school looks like and measure the school against them. It avoids binary narratives of good and bad, and allows adapting the curriculum to the learning styles of children with special education needs. Six Principles of Effective Curriculum Design for Inclusion Big Ideas. Inclusive education is a concept that developed from this fundamental right, but what does it look like in practice? ­­­ Download the full document of the Inclusive Education Principles (DOCX, 569KB) / Inclusive Education Principles (PDF, 732KB). An inclusive curriculum promotes equality of opportunity, but also personalisation. Christine Grove, Lecturer and Educational and Developmental Psychologist. There are 5 broad inclusive learning principles, below, which can apply to all areas of curriculum design and delivery. For example, some students learn best when introduced to information visually, while There are 4 steps to curriculum design  Identify the broad aims and specific objectives  Construct the course so objectives can be achieved  test capacity of the course to achieve objectives  explain the curriculum and objectives to teachers However objectives should not be so specific they limit what the teacher can do as this may cause valuable learning experiences to be lost. The scope of this policy is broad as it attempts to address the diverse needs of all learners who experience barriers to learning. Teachers should take account of their duties under equal opportunities legislation that covers race, disability, sex, religion or belief, sexual orientation, pregnancy and maternity, and gender reassignment. principles and values contained in the Constitution and White Papers on Education and Training; human rights and social justice for all learners; participation and social integration; equal access to a single, inclusive education system; access to the curriculum, equity and An inclusive curriculum is one where all students’ entitlement to access and participate in a course is anticipated, acknowledged and taken into account. The framework for an inclusive education system is laid out in Education White Paper 6: Special Needs Education: Building an Inclusive Education and Training System (Department of Education 2001). Inclusion in education refers to a model wherein students with special needs spend most or all of their time with non-special (general education) needs students. • An inclusive education system must organically integrate and link all forms, types and styles of learning as well as different learning objectives, from early childhood education onwards • The curriculum represents a crucial tool for fostering a broadened concept of inclusive education and to implement educational policy from a long-term This means providing each student and parent with access to accurate information on their learning through ongoing formative and summative assessment of each student’s progress. Strength-based approaches are a key principle of inclusive education. Grové, C., & Laletas, S. (in press, 2019). This optimises opportunities for both teachers and student learning. Download an alternative format: Deakin’s Inclusive Education Principles (DOCX, 14KB). Strategies are used that make classrooms more engaging, and it can lead to improved professional satisfaction. Copyright © 2021 Monash University. An inclusive education is one where all students of all capabilities have the opportunity to grow and learn. Consider tools such as drawing, writing, talking, paintings, photographs, and videos to express agency. Many of those classrooms are what’s known as inclusive (or inclusion) classrooms. Inclusive education/mainstreaming is a key policy objective for the education of children and young people with special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities. The Practice Principles articulate how teachers can deliver the curriculum and engage students. It is, therefore, important to develop the skills to teach in differ-ent ways. The Seven Principles for Inclusive Education The Seven Principles for Inclusive Education 1. Below are four important strategies to consider when designing an inclusive classroom and curriculum. How can schools and teachers create welcoming and focused environments that include, motivate and challenge all learners? The key to listening well is to have a belief in students’ capabilities, and to develop relationships of trust and respect. To do so means challenging the status quo, removing curriculum barriers and presenting educational goals in interesting ways to engage all learners and serve all students equitably. 1-22). Ensuring that each individual has an equal opportunity for educational progress remains a challenge worldwide. All children and students who experience disability have the ability to learn and the right to exercise their voice, choice and control … Inclusive educators are those who draw on the knowledge and experiences of their students. Well in Freire’s critical pedagogy, the importance of education is to match and marry it to the lived experiences of the community to create the best political agents of that society as young adults. 2.3 Analyze how theories, principles and models of inclusive curriculum design can be used to inform resource development in own specialist area There are some theories, principles and models of inclusive curriculum designs that are may be used to develop the inform resource development. Inclusive education at all levels benefits students with special needs and their peers. ABN 12 377 614 012 Accessibility - Disclaimer and copyright - Website terms and conditions - Data Protection and Privacy Procedure - Data Consent Settings, Monash University CRICOS Provider Number: 00008C, Monash College CRICOS Provider Number: 01857J. Thank you! There are many other aspects of inclusion that the Department addresses, including through our Aboriginal education policy, multicultural education policy and anti-racism policy. Strength-based approaches are a key principle of inclusive education. Ensuring that each individual has an equal opportunity for educational progress remains a challenge worldwide. Some of the principles include: How to prevent prejudice; How to teach curriculum to various students; Choosing inclusive materials; Culturally responsive teaching is critical to the creation of student-centered learning environments. This includes a clear concept and definition of inclusive education. Maintained by: Monash Education Webmaster Team. Inclusive education is based on seven principles: Diversity enriches and strengthens all communities All learners’ different learning styles and achievements are equally valued, respected and … The ability to have a voice influences both student participation and agency. The information has been submitted successfully. Inclusive curriculum: An inclusive curriculum includes locally relevant themes and contributions by marginalized and minority groups. It also creates opportunities for growth and better connection in personal, social and academic achievement. and participate in the service in the same way as If they are to practice inclusion principles and deliver an inclusive curriculum then every … and participate in the service in the same way as This workshop will look at current models of learning, teaching, assessment and curriculum design. education are being promoted what matters most are the teacher’s beliefs in what should be taught and then how they should practice their art of teaching (Daniels, 2000). itself to creating an inclusive education system. Educators can apply the framework to any classroom or lesson plan to increase equity and decrease exclusion. When students are given a platform to share their voice, schools gain insider knowledge and better understand the student experience. Last updated: Nov 2020. PRACTICE OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION The practice of developing inclusive schools involves Understanding Inclusion as a continuing process, not a one time event. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. McCuaig, L., Quennerstedt, M., & Macdonald, D. (2013). Use universal design principles to create accessible classrooms Below are four important strategies to consider when designing an inclusive classroom and curriculum. Limit the number of new concepts introduced in a lesson, and focus first on the most basic concepts before advancing to the more complex concepts. Our Inclusive Education work is guided by 8 principles: The public school system is the foundation for inclusive education. Use universal design principles to create accessible classrooms Teaching in inclusive classrooms requires teachers to have the 3Hs: the heart (commitment), the head (critical knowledge) and hands (practical strategies). Sharma, U. ), Inclusive education: perspectives, practices and challenges. Educators can apply the framework to any classroom or lesson plan to increase equity and decrease exclusion. It can present challenges for teachers, students and their parents. It can also be used with a group as the starting point for conversations or a springboard to more equitable teaching practices. Be sure that students understand one concept before introducing the second. All students have the right to receive a public education in the regular classroom. Principles of Inclusive Education. The principles of inclusive schooling recognise that every individual has the capacity to learn, and that all learners should have access to a quality, rigorous curriculum that promotes both high-expectations and equity.. Secondary teaching specialist areas and prerequisites, How to apply for a postgraduate education course, English language requirements for Bachelor of Education (Honours), English language requirements for postgraduate courses, Vocational institutions, undergraduate degrees: distinction or inequality, Data-smart schools: enhancing the use of digital data in secondary schools, Making a digital difference? Teachers must be fully committed to include all learners. In order to ensure that our online assessments are accessible for our diverse student population, the University has agreed the following principles: Principle 1. All children and young people have the right to access education that is responsive to their needs. To do so means challenging the status quo, removing curriculum barriers and presenting educational goals in interesting ways to engage all learners and serve all students equitably. It’s not one-sided: students need to trust their teacher too. Download an alternative format: Deakin’s Inclusive Education Principles (DOCX, 14KB). Limit the number of new concepts introduced in a lesson, and focus first on the most basic concepts before advancing to the more complex concepts. Students and their parents participate in setting learning goals and take part in decisions that affect them. As teachers plan how to ensure accessibility to the curricular content, they should consider a variety of options for differentiation–both in the depth and breadth of content, as well as how each student best acquires the content. Inclusion requires teachers to acquire critical knowledge and skills to teach students who differ in their abilities and their learning styles. Early Learning Framework Principles. Facilitate multiple different ways for young people to be heard, regardless of their ability. One of the most important principles of inclusive education is that no two learners are alike, and so inclusive schools place great importance on creating opportunities for students to learn and be assessed in a variety of ways. Support packages are available for all eight curriculum principles. All Rights Reserved. In an inclusive classroom, general education teachers and special education teachers work together to meet the needs of all students. Croucher and Romer’s definition states that an inclusive approach: The following 6 principles are key to achieving Alberta’s vision for an inclusive education system. Over time, this approach creates a positive community perception of the school and raises awareness about a positive school culture. Six Principles of Effective Curriculum Design for Inclusion Big Ideas. Scottish Government - Additional support for learning. "Providing equitable opportunity to unlock infinite potential" - Loren Swancutt Below you will find examples of inclusive curriculum design and delivery. Good teaching is good teaching for all not just for some. Our Inclusive Education work is guided by 8 principles: The public school system is the foundation for inclusive education. Recommendations Matrix 3 INTRODUCTION This Recommendations Matrix has been prepared as a tool that will help policy makers to cross reference the key principles presented in the Key Principles for Promoting Quality in Inclusive Education: Recommendations for Policy Makers (2009) report, with the various Agency project reports used to draft the key principles document. It means all learners are welcomed by their local early learning service and school, and are supported to play, learn, contribute and participate in all aspects of life at the school or service. We acknowledge and pay respects to the Elders and Traditional Owners of the land on which our four Australian campuses stand. strengthening and sustaining the participation of all students, teachers, parents and community members in the work of the school. Second element is concrete inclusive education targets, indicators, measures, and outcomes. Note: Age is a protected characteristic under the Equality Act 2010 but it is not applicable to schools in r… The inclusion principle calls for schools and teachers to deliver a curriculum that: celebrates the diverse abilities, languages, identities, and talents of every individual. These strengths, as well as a student’s specific needs, should be placed at the centre of curriculum planning and implementation. This Statement focuses on the principles of inclusive practice for students with disability, whilst recognising that improving inclusive practice benefits all students. 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